or ca·lif, ka·lif, ka·liph, kha·lif
- a spiritual leader of Islam, claiming succession from Muhammad.
- any of the former Muslim rulers of Baghdad (until 1258) and of the Ottoman Empire (from 1571 until 1924).
Origin of caliph
Examples from the Web for calif
Historical Examples of calif
The calif, after hearing what the embassador had to say, refused to comply.Genghis Khan, Makers of History Series
The calif knew not which to admire most, the generosity of Nadir or the soldier.The Blossoms of Morality
After that Almamon the Calif entered Ægypt, and saw the Pyramids.Thalaba the Destroyer
Calif Mdowija, who died in 679, is regarded as the founder of the Arabian posts.The Development of Rates of Postage
A. D. Smith
Its populations belong to it by descent; its head is the Calif (now the Sultan of Turkey).Introduction to the History of Religions
Crawford Howell Toy
- a variant spelling of caliph
calif, kalif or khalif
- Islam the title of the successors of Mohammed as rulers of the Islamic world, later assumed by the Sultans of Turkey
Word Origin for caliph
late 14c., from Old French caliphe (12c., also algalife), from Medieval Latin califa, from Arabic khalifa "successor," originally Abu-Bakr, who succeeded Muhammad in the role of leader of the faithful after the prophet's death.