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caliph

or ca·lif

[ key-lif, kal-if ]
/ ˈkeɪ lɪf, ˈkæl ɪf /
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noun

a spiritual leader of Islam, claiming succession from Muhammad.
any of the former Muslim rulers of Baghdad (until 1258) and of the Ottoman Empire (from 1571 until 1924).

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Also ka·lif, ka·liph; kha·lif [kuh-leef, key-lif, kal-if], /kəˈlif, ˈkeɪ lɪf, ˈkæl ɪf/, kha·li·fa [kuh-lee-fuh] /kəˈli fə/ .

Origin of caliph

First recorded in 1350–1400; Middle English caliphe, califfe, from Middle French, from Medieval Latin calipha, from Arabic khalīf(a) “successor (of Muhammad),” derivative of khalafa “succeed”

OTHER WORDS FROM caliph

cal·iph·al [kal-uh-fuhl, key-luh-], /ˈkæl ə fəl, ˈkeɪ lə-/, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021

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British Dictionary definitions for caliph

caliph

calif, kalif or khalif

/ (ˈkeɪlɪf, ˈkæl-) /

noun

Islam the title of the successors of Mohammed as rulers of the Islamic world, later assumed by the Sultans of Turkey

Word Origin for caliph

C14: from Old French, from Arabic khalīfa successor
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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