[ suhl-tn ]
/ ˈsʌl tn /


the sovereign of an Islamic country.
(often initial capital letter) any of the former sovereigns of Turkey.
any absolute ruler or despot.

Origin of sultan

1545–55; < Middle French < Turkish < Arabic sulṭān sovereign

Related forms

sul·tan·ic [suhl-tan-ik] /sʌlˈtæn ɪk/, adjectivesul·tan·like, adjectivesul·tan·ship, noun Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for sultan

British Dictionary definitions for sultan


/ (ˈsʌltən) /


the sovereign of a Muslim country, esp of the former Ottoman Empire
an arbitrary ruler; despot
a small domestic fowl with a white crest and heavily feathered legs and feet: originated in Turkey

Derived Forms

sultanic (sʌlˈtænɪk), adjectivesultan-like, adjectivesultanship, noun

Word Origin for sultan

C16: from Medieval Latin sultānus, from Arabic sultān rule, from Aramaic salita to rule
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012