or tsar, tzar
Origin of czar
Examples from the Web for czar
Four people have died of Ebola and that already has a ‘czar.’Gay Activist David Mixner: I Mercy Killed 8 People|Tim Teeman|October 29, 2014|DAILY BEAST
Sen. Jerry Moran, a Republican from Kansas, was among the first politicians to call for an Ebola czar.
The Republican reaction is starting to shift from calls for a czar to calls for a different czar.
Ironically, the Obama administration was forced to battle a Republican czar panic in the early days of its administration.
Eventually, it was gifted to Czar Peter the Great as a token of goodwill between the Germans and Russians.
I must declare to you that to us the Czar is not the only chain that fetters the body of the country.Mother|Maksim Gorky
It was only upon the threat of the Czar to continue the war by himself that the Austrians consented to move forward upon Paris.History of Modern Europe 1972-1878|C. A. Fyffe
Not until evening could the new Czar be brought to use more decisive measures.A History of the Nineteenth Century, Year by Year|Edwin Emerson
It was only by force that his followers could tear the Czar away from the scene of revolt.The Green Book|Mr Jkai
Of course the offer was refused, and the indications of the Czar's state of mind on the subject were viewed with some dismay.A History of England|Charles Oman
1550s, from Russian tsar, from Old Slavic tsesari, from Gothic kaisar, from Greek kaisar, from Latin Caesar. First adopted by Russian emperor Ivan IV, 1547.
The spelling with cz- is against the usage of all Slavonic languages; the word was so spelt by Herberstein, Rerum Moscovit. Commentarii, 1549, the chief early source of knowledge as to Russia in Western Europe, whence it passed into the Western Languages generally; in some of these it is now old-fashioned; the usual Ger. form is now zar; French adopted tsar during the 19th c. This also became frequent in English towards the end of that century, having been adopted by the Times newspaper as the most suitable English spelling. [OED]
The Germanic form of the word also is the source of Finnish keisari, Estonian keisar. The transferred sense of "person with dictatorial powers" is first recorded 1866, American English, initially in reference to President Andrew Johnson. The fem. czarina is 1717, from Italian czarina, from Ger. Zarin, fem. of Zar "czar." The Russian fem. form is tsaritsa. His son is tsarevitch, his daughter is tsarevna.
The title of rulers or emperors of Russia from the sixteenth century until the Russian Revolution. The czars ruled as absolute monarchs (see absolute monarchy) until the early twentieth century, when a parliament was established in Russia. Czar can also be spelled tsar.