or tsar, tzar
- an emperor or king.
- (often initial capital letter) the former emperor of Russia.
- an autocratic ruler or leader.
- any person exercising great authority or power in a particular field: a czar of industry.
Origin of czar
Examples from the Web for czar
Four people have died of Ebola and that already has a ‘czar.’Gay Activist David Mixner: I Mercy Killed 8 People
October 29, 2014
Sen. Jerry Moran, a Republican from Kansas, was among the first politicians to call for an Ebola czar.
The Republican reaction is starting to shift from calls for a czar to calls for a different czar.
Ironically, the Obama administration was forced to battle a Republican czar panic in the early days of its administration.
The appointment of the new Ebola czar comes after Republicans began demanding a White House point person on the threat.
The Czar might retreat until his pursuers perished of fatigue and hunger.
One of the captured trains was the hospital train of the czar.
After this visit the Czar went to say goodbye to the King at the Tuileries.
The Czar and he had married two sisters, and each had a son.
Sometime after, the Czar asked if there was no beer to be had.
- a variant spelling (esp US) of tsar
Word Origin and History for czar
1550s, from Russian tsar, from Old Slavic tsesari, from Gothic kaisar, from Greek kaisar, from Latin Caesar. First adopted by Russian emperor Ivan IV, 1547.
The spelling with cz- is against the usage of all Slavonic languages; the word was so spelt by Herberstein, Rerum Moscovit. Commentarii, 1549, the chief early source of knowledge as to Russia in Western Europe, whence it passed into the Western Languages generally; in some of these it is now old-fashioned; the usual Ger. form is now zar; French adopted tsar during the 19th c. This also became frequent in English towards the end of that century, having been adopted by the Times newspaper as the most suitable English spelling. [OED]
The Germanic form of the word also is the source of Finnish keisari, Estonian keisar. The transferred sense of "person with dictatorial powers" is first recorded 1866, American English, initially in reference to President Andrew Johnson. The fem. czarina is 1717, from Italian czarina, from Ger. Zarin, fem. of Zar "czar." The Russian fem. form is tsaritsa. His son is tsarevitch, his daughter is tsarevna.