czar

or tsar, tzar

[ zahr, tsahr ]
/ zɑr, tsɑr /

noun

an emperor or king.
(often initial capital letter) the former emperor of Russia.
an autocratic ruler or leader.
any person exercising great authority or power in a particular field: a czar of industry.

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Origin of czar

1545–55; < Russian tsar', Old Russian tsĭsarĭ emperor, king (akin to Old Church Slavonic tsěsarĭ) < Gothic kaisar emperor (< Greek or Latin); Greek kaîsar < Latin Caesar Caesar
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020

Example sentences from the Web for czar

British Dictionary definitions for czar

czar
/ (zɑː) /

noun

a variant spelling (esp US) of tsar

Derived forms of czar

czardom, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Cultural definitions for czar

czar
[ (zahr, tsahr) ]

The title of rulers or emperors of Russia from the sixteenth century until the Russian Revolution. The czars ruled as absolute monarchs (see absolute monarchy) until the early twentieth century, when a parliament was established in Russia. Czar can also be spelled tsar.

notes for czar

The term czar is sometimes applied generally to a powerful leader or to a government administrator with wide-ranging powers.
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.