or tsar, tzar
Origin of czar
Examples from the Web for tsar
Contemporary Examples of tsar
The Russian revolution of 1917 toppled the tsar and soon installed a bloodthirsty communist regime.Wounds of World War I Have Yet to Heal
Michael F. Bishop
June 28, 2014
“He would have thought he should be treated like a tsar,” says Patton.The Price of Being a Patton: Wrestling With the Legacy of America’s Most Famous General
May 26, 2014
One headline, decades earlier, must have struck him with the force of Tsar Bomba.Pale Fire and the Cold War: Redefining Vladimir Nabokov’s Masterpiece
October 13, 2013
"Historically, each Russian tsar built himself a new palace," said Andrei Petrov, a researcher for Green Peace in Moscow.A Secret Putin Palace on Russia’s Black Sea?
August 13, 2012
“Putin cannot rule as a Russian tsar any longer—he is not in the center of total consensus,” says Pavlovsky.Vladimir Putin Wins Russia Election, but It’s a Fragile Victory
Owen Matthews, Anna Nemtsova
March 4, 2012
Historical Examples of tsar
The Tsar Archidei Aggeivitch came with his men to a wide, wide field.Folk Tales from the Russian
At last he cried out to the stove, “Stove, stove, where has the Tsar hidden his children?”Cossack Fairy Tales and Folk Tales
Then the Tsar asked him whence he came, whose son he was, and what was his name.
The clergy alone possessed any power besides the Tsar; but the Church was unable to coerce him or to save the people.The Story of Moscow
Then the two armies met, and fought like two terrible thunder-clouds, and Polkan overthrew the army of the Chinese Tsar.
Word Origin for tsar
1660s, the more correct Latinization of Russian czar, from prehistoric Slavic *tsesar, from a Germanic source, ultimately from Latin Caesar. See czar.
1550s, from Russian tsar, from Old Slavic tsesari, from Gothic kaisar, from Greek kaisar, from Latin Caesar. First adopted by Russian emperor Ivan IV, 1547.
The spelling with cz- is against the usage of all Slavonic languages; the word was so spelt by Herberstein, Rerum Moscovit. Commentarii, 1549, the chief early source of knowledge as to Russia in Western Europe, whence it passed into the Western Languages generally; in some of these it is now old-fashioned; the usual Ger. form is now zar; French adopted tsar during the 19th c. This also became frequent in English towards the end of that century, having been adopted by the Times newspaper as the most suitable English spelling. [OED]
The Germanic form of the word also is the source of Finnish keisari, Estonian keisar. The transferred sense of "person with dictatorial powers" is first recorded 1866, American English, initially in reference to President Andrew Johnson. The fem. czarina is 1717, from Italian czarina, from Ger. Zarin, fem. of Zar "czar." The Russian fem. form is tsaritsa. His son is tsarevitch, his daughter is tsarevna.