- cardigan bay,
- cardin, pierre,
- cardinal beetle,
- cardinal flower,
- cardinal grosbeak,
- cardinal ligament,
- cardinal number
Origin of cardinal
Examples from the Web for cardinal
“Light trumps darkness, hope beats despair, grace wins over sin, love defeats hate, life conquers death,” the cardinal said.'Please Don't Die!': The Frantic Battle to Save Murdered Cops|Michael Daly|December 22, 2014|DAILY BEAST
Elisabetta Piqué, who knew Bergoglio well as a cardinal, writes in the present tense as if to convey real time passing.
And yet, a dossier of allegations involving human rights could not help any cardinal at a moment like that.
The cardinals had such a bad reputation that the very term “cardinal” became an insult in Renaissance Rome.
Perhaps, as one cardinal recently complained, the chaos is the plan.
The cardinal wanted a benefice for one of his followers, and the Pope wished to get his son's enemy once more into his power.Renaissance in Italy Vol. 3|John Addington Symonds
Chavigni repaid the Cardinal with heartfelt gratitude, with firm adherence, and uncompromising service.Richelieu, v. 1/3|G. P. R. James
"Of course, I shall continue to work with the Cardinal," said the priest, when the family gave him time to speak.Marzio's Crucifix and Zoroaster|F. Marion Crawford
The ascetic side of it became the cardinal idea of religious virtue in the Middle Ages.Folkways|William Graham Sumner
Cardinal Cajetan was the legate, and he was but little fitted to deal with Luther.
Word Origin for cardinal
early 12c., "one of the ecclesiastical princes who constitute the sacred college" (short for cardinalis ecclesiae Romanae or episcopus cardinalis), from Latin cardinalis "principal, chief, essential" (see cardinal (adj.)).
Ecclesiastical use began for the presbyters of the chief (cardinal) churches of Rome. The North American songbird (Cardinalis virginianus) is attested from 1670s, so named for its resemblance to the cardinals in their red robes.
"chief, pivotal," early 14c., from Latin cardinalis "principal, chief, essential," from cardo (genitive cardinis) "that on which something turns or depends; pole of the sky," originally "door hinge," of unknown origin. Related: Cardinally.
The cardinal points (1540s) are north, south, east, west. The cardinal sins (c.1600) are too well known to require rehearsal. The cardinal virtues (c.1300) were divided into natural (justice prudence, temperance, fortitude) and theological (faith, hope, charity). The natural ones were the original classical ones, which were amended by Christians. But typically in Middle English only the first four were counted as the cardinal virtues:
Of þe uour uirtues cardinales spekeþ moche þe yealde philosofes. ["Ayenbite of Inwyt," c.1340]
By analogy of this, and cardinal points, cardinal winds, cardinal signs (four zodiacal signs marking the equinoxes and the solstices), the adjective in Middle English acquired an association with the number four.