[ kuh-tahr ]
/ kəˈtɑr /
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Pathology. inflammation of a mucous membrane, especially of the respiratory tract, accompanied by excessive secretions.
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Origin of catarrh
1350–1400; Middle English <Late Latin catarrhus<Greek katárrous literally, down-flowing, equivalent to katarr(eîn) to flow down (kata-cata- + rheîn to flow) + -ous, variant of -eos (theme vowel + adj. suffix)
OTHER WORDS FROM catarrhca·tarrh·al, ca·tarrh·ous, adjectiveca·tarrh·al·ly, adverbnon·ca·tar·rhal, adjectivepost·ca·tarrh·al, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2023
How to use catarrh in a sentence
It is sometimes met with in the sputum of catarrhal pneumonia, bronchitis, and tuberculosis.
It appears early in the catarrhal stage, and persists until after convalescence.
In catarrhal conditions of the small intestine bilirubin may be carried through unchanged.
The symptoms of hay fever resemble those of catarrhal inflammation, but the resemblance is only superficial.
In the nose the sneezing, the discharge, the obstructive swelling suggest at once catarrhal rhinitis.
British Dictionary definitions for catarrh
/ (kəˈtɑː) /
inflammation of a mucous membrane with increased production of mucus, esp affecting the nose and throat in the common cold
the mucus so formed
Derived forms of catarrhcatarrhal or catarrhous, adjective
Word Origin for catarrh
C16: via French from Late Latin catarrhus, from Greek katarrous, from katarrhein to flow down, from kata- down + rhein to flow
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012