Chamberlain, Neville

A British prime minister who tried to avoid war between Britain and Germany by negotiating the Munich Pact in 1938, under which Germany, led by Adolf Hitler, was allowed to extend its territory into parts of Czechoslovakia. Chamberlain proclaimed that the pact had secured “peace in our time,” but his political foes called the pact appeasement. World War II broke out less than a year later.

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.