- a person who is aggressively and blindly patriotic, especially one devoted to military glory.
- a person who believes one gender is superior to the other, as a male chauvinist or a female chauvinist.
- zealous and aggressive patriotism or blind enthusiasm for military glory.
- biased devotion to any group, attitude, or cause: religious chauvinism.
- the denigration, disparagement, and patronization of either sex based on the belief that one sex is inferior to the other and thus deserving of less than equal treatment or benefit.Compare male chauvinism.
Origin of chauvinism
Examples from the Web for chauvinists
But he failed to make the connection that chauvinists invariably objectify women and view them as unequal.
But we did not understand her, least of all our chauvinists, nor did she understand us.
It is, no doubt, the peculiar composition of this force that has aroused the apprehensions of French chauvinists.
"Fifty-four forty or fight" was the cry with which they sought to rally the Chauvinists of both parties to their standard.Stephen A. Douglas
The chauvinists, the nationalists, &c., are men who have collectively an affection for war and carnage.
But for the minority, which included both our pacifists and our chauvinists, it was either too much or too little.
- aggressive or fanatical patriotism; jingoism
- enthusiastic devotion to a cause
- smug irrational belief in the superiority of one's own race, party, sex, etcmale chauvinism
Word Origin and History for chauvinists
1877, from French chauviniste, from Chauvin (see chauvinism). Related: Chauvinistic (1870).
1840, "exaggerated, blind patriotism," from French chauvinisme (1839), from the character Nicholas Chauvin, soldier of Napoleon's Grand Armee, notoriously attached to the Empire long after it was history, in the Cogniards' popular 1831 vaudeville "La Cocarde Tricolore."
Meaning extended to "sexism" via male chauvinism (1969). The name is a French form of Latin Calvinus and thus Calvinism and chauvinism are, etymologically, twins. The name was a common one in Napoleon's army, and if there was a real person at the base of the character in the play, he has not been certainly identified by etymologists, though memoirs of Waterloo (one published in Paris in 1822) mention "one of our principal piqueurs, named Chauvin, who had returned with Napoleon from Elba," which implies loyalty.