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compensate

[kom-puhn-seyt]
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verb (used with object), com·pen·sat·ed, com·pen·sat·ing.
  1. to recompense for something: They gave him ten dollars to compensate him for his trouble.
  2. to counterbalance; offset; be equivalent to: He compensated his homely appearance with great personal charm.
  3. Mechanics. to counterbalance (a force or the like); adjust or construct so as to offset or counterbalance variations or produce equilibrium.
  4. to change the gold content of (a monetary unit) to counterbalance price fluctuations and thereby stabilize its purchasing power.
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verb (used without object), com·pen·sat·ed, com·pen·sat·ing.
  1. to provide or be an equivalent; make up; make amends (usually followed by for): His occasional courtesies did not compensate for his general rudeness.
  2. Psychology. to develop or employ mechanisms of compensation.
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Origin of compensate

First recorded in 1640–50, compensate is from the Latin word compēnsātus (past participle of compēnsāre to counterbalance, orig., to weigh together). See com-, pensive, -ate1
Related formscom·pen·sat·ing·ly, adverbcom·pen·sa·tor, nounnon·com·pen·sat·ed, adjectivenon·com·pen·sat·ing, adjectivepre·com·pen·sate, verb (used with object), pre·com·pen·sat·ed, pre·com·pen·sat·ing.re·com·pen·sate, verb (used with object), re·com·pen·sat·ed, re·com·pen·sat·ing.sub·com·pen·sate, verb (used with object), sub·com·pen·sat·ed, sub·com·pen·sat·ing.un·com·pen·sat·ed, adjectiveun·com·pen·sat·ing, adjectivewell-com·pen·sat·ed, adjective

Synonyms for compensate

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Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words for compensating

balanced, settling, compensatory

Examples from the Web for compensating

Contemporary Examples of compensating

Historical Examples of compensating

  • The periodic or compensating errors of the planets is another instance.

    Essays, First Series

    Ralph Waldo Emerson

  • On the other hand, the compensating quality of directness was.

    Little Miss Grouch

    Samuel Hopkins Adams

  • It is the drawback, not the compensating fact, that is talked of always.

  • This is, no doubt, not so powerful as a telescope, but it has some compensating advantages.

    The Story of the Heavens

    Robert Stawell Ball

  • The misery that followed this incident had one compensating factor.

    A Far Country, Complete

    Winston Churchill


British Dictionary definitions for compensating

compensate

verb
  1. to make amends to (someone), esp for loss or injury
  2. (tr) to serve as compensation or damages for (injury, loss, etc)
  3. to offset or counterbalance the effects of (a force, weight, movement, etc) so as to nullify the effects of an undesirable influence and produce equilibrium
  4. (intr) to attempt to conceal or offset one's shortcomings by the exaggerated exhibition of qualities regarded as desirable
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Derived Formscompensatory (ˈkɒmpɛnˌseɪtərɪ, kəmˈpɛnsətərɪ, -trɪ) or compensative (ˈkɒmpɛnˌseɪtɪv, kəmˈpɛnsə-), adjectivecompensator, noun

Word Origin for compensate

C17: from Latin compēnsāre, from pensāre, from pendere to weigh
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for compensating

compensate

v.

1640s, "to be equivalent;" 1650s, "to counterbalance, make up for," from Latin compensatus, past participle of compensare "to weigh one thing (against another)," thus, "to counterbalance," from com- "with" (see com-) + pensare, frequentative of pendere "to weigh" (see pendant). Meaning "to recompense, remunerate" is from 1814. Related: Compensated; compensating.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper