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convict

[verb, adjective kuh n-vikt; noun kon-vikt]
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verb (used with object)
  1. to prove or declare guilty of an offense, especially after a legal trial: to convict a prisoner of a felony.
  2. to impress with a sense of guilt.
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noun
  1. a person proved or declared guilty of an offense.
  2. a person serving a prison sentence.
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adjective
  1. Archaic. convicted.
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Origin of convict

1350–1400; (v.) Middle English convicten < Latin convictus past participle of convincere, equivalent to con- con- + vic- variant stem of vincere to overcome + -tus past participle suffix (see convince); (noun, adj.) Middle English convict, past participle of convicten (or directly < L)
Related formscon·vict·a·ble, con·vict·i·ble, adjectivecon·vic·tive, adjectivecon·vic·tive·ly, adverbhalf-con·vict·ed, adjectivepre·con·vict, verb (used with object)re·con·vict, verb (used with object)self-con·vict·ed, adjectiveun·con·vict·ed, adjectiveun·con·vict·ing, adjectiveun·con·vic·tive, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words

imprisoncondemnsentenceframeadjudgeattaintrapdoom

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British Dictionary definitions for convicting

convict

verb (kənˈvɪkt) (tr)
  1. to pronounce (someone) guilty of an offence
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noun (ˈkɒnvɪkt)
  1. a person found guilty of an offence against the law, esp one who is sentenced to imprisonment
  2. a person serving a prison sentence
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adjective (kənˈvɪkt)
  1. obsolete convicted
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Derived Formsconvictable or convictible, adjective

Word Origin

C14: from Latin convictus convicted of crime, from convincere to prove guilty, convince
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for convicting

convict

v.

mid-14c., from Latin convictus, past participle of convincere "to 'overcome' in argument" (see convince). Replaced Old English verb oferstælan. Related: Convicted; convicting.

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convict

n.

late 15c., from convict (v). Slang shortening con is from 1893.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper