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court of appeals

noun Law.
  1. (in the U.S. federal court system and some state court systems) an appellate court intermediate between the trial courts and the court of last resort.
  2. the highest appellate court of New York State.
  3. Court of Appeal, British. See under Supreme Court of Judicature.
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Also Court of Appeals (for defs 1, 2).

Origin of court of appeals

First recorded in 1885–90

Court of Appeal

noun
  1. See under Supreme Court of Judicature.
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Supreme Court of Judicature

noun
  1. an English court formed in 1873 from several superior courts and consisting of a court of original jurisdiction (High Court of Justice) and an appellate court (Court of Appeal).
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Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

British Dictionary definitions for court of appeal

Court of Appeal

noun
  1. a branch of the Supreme Court of Judicature that hears appeals from the High Court in both criminal and civil matters and from the county and crown courts
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Supreme Court of Judicature

noun
  1. (in England) a court formed in 1873 by the amalgamation of several superior courts into two divisions, the High Court of Justice and the Court of Appeal
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Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

court of appeal in Culture

court of appeals

Courts, also called appellate courts, that are designed as part of the system of due process. Cases may be presented to these courts if a party is dissatisfied with the original court's decision. An appeal must demonstrate that a new decision is warranted, usually in light of new evidence or a persuasive argument that the Constitution was improperly interpreted. A case may be appealed to successively higher state or federal appellate courts until it reaches the United States Supreme Court. There are twelve federal courts of appeal, each covering a group of states called a “circuit.”

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The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.