- a pouch in the esophagus of many birds, in which food is held for later digestion or for regurgitation to nestlings.
- a chamber or pouch in the foregut of arthropods and annelids for holding and partly crushing food.
verb (used with object), cropped or (Archaic) cropt; crop·ping.
verb (used without object), cropped or (Archaic) cropt; crop·ping.
- Geology, Mining.to rise to the surface of the ground: Veins of quartz crop out in the canyon walls.
- to become evident or visible; occur: A few cases of smallpox still crop out every now and then.
Origin of crop
- the amount of such produce in any particular season
- the yield of some other farm producethe lamb crop
- a pouchlike expanded part of the oesophagus of birds, in which food is stored or partially digested before passing on to the gizzard
- a similar structure in insects, earthworms, and other invertebrates
verb crops, cropping or cropped (mainly tr)
Word Origin for crop
Old English cropp "bird's craw," also "head or top of a sprout or herb." The common notion is "protuberance." Cognate with Old High German kropf, Old Norse kroppr. Meaning "harvest product" is c.1300, probably through the verbal meaning "cut off the top of a plant" (c.1200).
"cut off the top of a plant," c.1200, from crop (n.). The general meaning of "to cut off" is mid-15c. Related: Cropped; cropping. Women's fashion crop top is attested from 1984.
Rise to the surface, become visible or evident, as in These superstitions crop out time and again. This term originated in mining, where a stratum or vein of ore is said to crop out when it comes to the surface. [Mid-1800s]
In addition to the idioms beginning with crop
- crop out
- crop up
- cream of the crop