Darius I

[ duh-rahy-uh s ]
/ dəˈraɪ əs /
|

noun

Darius Hystaspesthe Great, 558?–486? b.c., king of Persia 521–486.

Darius II

noun

Ochus, died 404 b.c., king of Persia 424–404 (son of Artaxerxes I).

Darius III

noun

Codomannus, died 330 b.c., king of Persia 336–330.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

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British Dictionary definitions for darius

Darius I

/ (dəˈraɪəs) /

noun

known as Darius the Great, surname Hystaspis. ?550–486 bc, king of Persia (521–486), who extended the Persian empire and crushed the revolt of the Ionian city states (500). He led two expeditions against Greece but was defeated at Marathon (490)

Darius III

noun

died 330 bc, last Achaemenid king of Persia (336–330), who was defeated by Alexander the Great
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for darius

Darius

name of three Persian rulers, notably Darius the Great, Persian emperor 521-485 B.C.E., from Greek Darius, from Old Persian Darayavaus, probably literally "he who holds firm the good," from PIE root *dher- (2) "to hold firmly, support" (see firm (adj.)).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper