- any of certain carbohydrates derived from ribose by the replacement of a hydroxyl group with a hydrogen atom.
- the sugar, HOCH2(CHOH)2CH2CHO, obtained from DNA by hydrolysis.
Origin of deoxyribose
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
desoxyribose (dɛsˌɒksɪˈraɪbəʊs, -bəʊz)
- a pentose sugar obtained by the hydrolysis of DNA. Formula: C 5 H 10 O 4
Word Origin and History for deoxyribose
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
- A sugar that is a constituent of DNA.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
- The sugar found in the side chains of DNA, differing from ribose in having a hydrogen atom instead of an OH group on one of its carbon atoms. Chemical formula: C5H10O4.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.