ribose

[ rahy-bohs ]
/ ˈraɪ boʊs /

noun Biochemistry.

a white, crystalline, water-soluble, slightly sweet solid, C5H10O5, a pentose sugar obtained by the hydrolysis of RNA.

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Origin of ribose

1890–95; <German Ribose, earlier Ribonsäure, equivalent to Ribon (from Arabinosearabinose, by arbitrary rearrangement and shortening) + Säure acid
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020

British Dictionary definitions for ribose

ribose
/ (ˈraɪbəʊz, -bəʊs) /

noun

biochem a pentose sugar that is an isomeric form of arabinose and that occurs in RNA and riboflavin. Formula: CH 2 OH(CHOH) 3 CHO

Word Origin for ribose

C20: changed from arabinose
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Medical definitions for ribose

ribose
[ rībōs′ ]

n.

A pentose sugar occurring as a component of riboflavin, nucleotides, and nucleic acids.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Scientific definitions for ribose

ribose
[ rībōs′ ]

A pentose sugar with a furanose structure that occurs as a component of riboflavin and RNA. Chemical formula: C5H10O5.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.