arabinose

[ uh-rab-uh-nohs, ar-uh-buh- ]
/ əˈræb əˌnoʊs, ˈær ə bə- /
|

noun Chemistry.

a white, crystalline, water-soluble solid, C5H10O5, obtained from plant gums or made synthetically from glucose, used chiefly as a culture medium in bacteriology.

Nearby words

  1. arabic,
  2. arabic numeral,
  3. arabica bean,
  4. arabica coffee,
  5. arabicize,
  6. arabinoside,
  7. arabis,
  8. arabist,
  9. arabize,
  10. arable

Origin of arabinose

1880–85; arabin the soluble essence of certain gums ((gum) arab(ic)) + -in2) + -ose2

Also called pectinose, pectin sugar.

Related formsa·rab·i·nos·ic [uh-rab-uh-nos-ik, ar-uh-buh-] /əˌræb əˈnɒs ɪk, ˌær ə bə-/, adjective

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

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British Dictionary definitions for arabinose

arabinose

/ (əˈræbɪˌnəʊz, -ˌnəʊs) /

noun

a pentose sugar in plant gums, esp of cedars and pines. It is used as a culture medium in bacteriology. Formula: C 5 H 10 O 5

Word Origin for arabinose

C19: from arabin (from (gum) arab (ic) + -in) + -ose ²

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012