- any of several diseases of plants, characterized by reddish, brownish, or black pustules on the leaves, stems, etc., caused by fungi of the order Uredinales.
- Also called rust fungus. a fungus causing this disease.
- any of several other diseases of unknown cause, characterized by reddish-brown spots or discolorations on the affected parts.
verb (used without object)
verb (used with object)
- rust belt,
- rust bucket,
- rust joint,
- rust mite,
Origin of rust
- any basidiomycetous fungus of the order Uredinales, parasitic on cereal plants, conifers, etc
- any of various plant diseases characterized by reddish-brown discoloration of the leaves and stem, esp that caused by the rust fungi
- a strong brown colour, sometimes with a reddish or yellowish tinge
- (as adjective)a rust carpet
Word Origin for rust
"red oxide of iron," Old English rust "rust; moral canker," related to rudu "redness," from Proto-Germanic *rusta- (cf. Frisian rust, Old High German and German rost, Middle Dutch ro(e)st), from PIE *reudh-s-to- (cf. Lithuanian rustas "brownish," rudeti "to rust;" Latin robigo, Old Church Slavonic ruzda "rust"), from root *reudh- "red" (see red (adj.1)).
As a plant disease, attested from mid-14c. Rust Belt "decayed urban industrial areas of mid-central U.S." (1984) was popularized, if not coined, by Walter Mondale's presidential campaign.
early 13c., from rust (n.). Transitive sense "cause to rust" is from 1590s. Related: Rusted; rusting.
- Any of various basidiomycete fungi that are parasitic on plants and produce reddish or brownish spots on leaves. Rusts attack a wide variety of plants and can cause enormous damage to crops.
- Any of the various plant diseases caused by these fungi.