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descriptive linguistics

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noun (used with a singular verb)
  1. the study of the grammar, classification, and arrangement of the features of a language at a given time, without reference to the history of the language or comparison with other languages.
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Origin of descriptive linguistics

First recorded in 1925–30
Also called synchronic linguistics.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

British Dictionary definitions for descriptive linguistics

descriptive linguistics

noun
  1. (functioning as singular) the study of the description of the internal phonological, grammatical, and semantic structures of languages at given points in time without reference to their histories or to one anotherAlso called: synchronic linguistics Compare historical linguistics
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