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dive

[dahyv]
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verb (used without object), dived or dove, dived, div·ing.
  1. to plunge into water, especially headfirst.
  2. to go below the surface of the water, as a submarine.
  3. to plunge, fall, or descend through the air, into the earth, etc.: The acrobats dived into nets.
  4. Aeronautics. (of an airplane) to descend rapidly.
  5. to penetrate suddenly into something, as with the hand: to dive into one's purse.
  6. to dart: to dive into a doorway.
  7. to enter deeply or plunge into a subject, activity, etc.
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verb (used with object), dived or dove, dived, div·ing.
  1. to cause to plunge, submerge, or descend.
  2. to insert quickly; plunge: He dived his hand into his pocket.
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noun
  1. an act or instance of diving.
  2. a jump or plunge into water, especially in a prescribed way from a diving board.
  3. the vertical or nearly vertical descent of an airplane at a speed surpassing the possible speed of the same plane in level flight.
  4. a submerging, as of a submarine or skindiver.
  5. a dash, plunge, or lunge, as if throwing oneself at or into something: He made a dive for the football.
  6. a sudden or sharp decline, as in stock prices.
  7. Informal. a dingy or disreputable bar or nightclub.
  8. Boxing. a false show of being knocked out, usually in a bout whose result has been prearranged: to take a dive in an early round.
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Origin of dive

before 900; Middle English diven to dive, dip, Old English dȳfan to dip (causative of dūfan to dive, sink); cognate with Old Norse dȳfa dip, German taufen to baptize; akin to dip1
Related formspost·dive, adjectivepre·dive, adjectiveun·der·dive, nounun·der·dive, verb (used without object), un·der·dived or un·der·dove, un·der·dived, un·der·div·ing.

Usage note

Both dived and dove are standard as the past tense of dive. Dived, historically the older form, is somewhat more common in edited writing, but dove occurs there so frequently that it also must be considered standard: The rescuer dove into 20 feet of icy water. Dove is an Americanism that probably developed by analogy with alternations like drive, drove and ride, rode. It is the more common form in speech in the northern United States and in Canada, and its use seems to be spreading. The past participle of dive is always dived.

diva

[dee-vuh, -vah]
noun, plural di·vas, di·ve [dee-ve] /ˈdi vɛ/.
  1. a distinguished female singer; prima donna.
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Origin of diva

1880–85; < Italian < Latin dīva, feminine of dīvus god; cf. divine
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for dive

dive

verb dives, diving or dived or US dove or dived (mainly intr)
  1. to plunge headfirst into water
  2. (of a submarine, swimmer, etc) to submerge under water
  3. (also tr) to fly (an aircraft) in a steep nose-down descending path, or (of an aircraft) to fly in such a path
  4. to rush, go, or reach quickly, as in a headlong plungehe dived for the ball
  5. (also tr; foll by in or into) to dip or put (one's hand) quickly or forcefully (into)to dive into one's pocket
  6. (usually foll by in or into) to involve oneself (in something), as in eating food
  7. soccer slang (of a footballer) to pretend to have been tripped or impeded by an opposing player in order to win a free kick or penalty
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noun
  1. a headlong plunge into water, esp one of several formalized movements executed as a sport
  2. an act or instance of diving
  3. a steep nose-down descent of an aircraft
  4. slang a disreputable or seedy bar or club
  5. boxing slang the act of a boxer pretending to be knocked down or outhe took a dive in the fourth round
  6. soccer slang the act of a player pretending to have been tripped or impeded
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Word Origin

Old English dӯfan; related to Old Norse dӯfa to dip, Frisian dīvi; see deep, dip

diva

noun plural -vas or -ve (-vɪ)
  1. a highly distinguished female singer; prima donna
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Word Origin

C19: via Italian from Latin: a goddess, from dīvus divine
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for dive

v.

13c., from Old English dufan "to dive, duck, sink" (intransitive, class II strong verb; past tense deaf, past participle dofen) and dyfan "to dip, submerge" (weak, transitive), from Proto-Germanic *dubijanan, from PIE *dheub- (see deep). Past tense dove is a later formation, perhaps on analogy of drive/drove. Related: Diving. Dive bomber attested by 1939.

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n.

c.1700, from dive (v.). Sense of "disreputable bar" is first recorded American English 1871, perhaps because they were usually in basements, and going into one was both a literal and figurative "diving."

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diva

n.

"distinguished woman singer, prima donna," 1883, from Italian diva "goddess, fine lady," from Latin diva "goddess," fem. of divus "divine (one);" see divine (adj.).

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper