• synonyms


verb (used without object), e·con·o·mized, e·con·o·miz·ing.
  1. to practice economy; avoid waste or extravagance.
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verb (used with object), e·con·o·mized, e·con·o·miz·ing.
  1. to manage economically; use sparingly or frugally.
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Also especially British, e·con·o·mise.

Origin of economize

First recorded in 1640–50; econom(y) + -ize
Related formsun·e·con·o·miz·ing, adjective


Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for economise

Historical Examples

  • These arches may have been built in this manner to economise centering.

    Byzantine Churches in Constantinople

    Alexander Van Millingen

  • All business has been hit very hard, and we've simply got to economise.

  • No means had been used either to provide more water, or to economise what there was.

    Ran Away to Sea

    Mayne Reid

  • Mistress: "I hope you're doing what you can to economise the food."

  • We had, however, to economise our fuel, of which there was but a small quantity.

    In the Wilds of Africa

    W.H.G. Kingston

British Dictionary definitions for economise



  1. (often foll by on) to limit or reduce (expense, waste, etc)
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Derived Formseconomization or economisation, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for economise



1640s, "to govern a household," from economy + -ize. Meaning "to spend less" is from 1790. Related: Economized; economizing; economization; economizer.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper