encephalitis [ en-sef- uh- lahy-tis ] SHOW IPA / ɛnˌsɛf əˈlaɪ tɪs / PHONETIC RESPELLING noun . Pathology inflammation of the substance of the brain. Also called encephali·tis le·thar·gi·ca . [li- thahr-ji-k uh] /lɪˈθɑr dʒɪ kə/ a form of this condition, caused by a filterable virus and characterized by apathy and abnormal sleepiness; sleeping sickness. Related forms en·ceph·a·lit·ic , [en-sef- uh- lit-ik] /ɛnˌsɛf əˈlɪt ɪk/ adjective post·en·ceph·a·lit·ic, adjective pseu·do·en·ceph·a·lit·ic, adjective
Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019
Examples from the Web for encephalitis British Dictionary definitions for encephalitis encephalitis / ( ˌɛnsɛfəˈlaɪtɪs, ˌɛnkɛf-) / noun inflammation of the brain Derived Forms encephalitic ( ˌɛnsɛfəˈlɪtɪk), adjective
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Word Origin and History for encephalitis n.
1843, from medical Latin
encephalon (from Greek enkephalos "brain," literally "within the head," from en "in" + kephale "head;" see cephalo-) + -itis.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Medicine definitions for encephalitis n. pl. en•ceph•a•lit•i•des ( -lĭt) ′ĭ-dēz Inflammation of the brain. cephalitis Related forms en•ceph′a•lit ( ′ic -lĭt) ′ĭk adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Science definitions for encephalitis Inflammation of the brain, usually caused by infection with a virus.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Culture definitions for encephalitis
inflammation of the brain. Encephalitis may be caused by a virus or lead poisoning, or it may be a complication of another disease, such as influenza or measles. Encephalitis can cause permanent brain damage or death. It is also possible, however, to recover from it completely.
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.