• synonyms


[ep-i-kyoo-ree-uh-niz-uh m, -kyoo r-ee-]
  1. the philosophical system or doctrine of Epicurus, holding that the external world is a series of fortuitous combinations of atoms and that the highest good is pleasure, interpreted as freedom from disturbance or pain.
  2. (lowercase) epicurean indulgence or habits.
Show More
Also Ep·i·cur·ism [ep-i-kyoo-riz-uh m, ep-i-kyoo r-iz-uh m] /ˈɛp ɪ kyʊˌrɪz əm, ˌɛp ɪˈkyʊər ɪz əm/.

Origin of Epicureanism

First recorded in 1745–55; epicurean + -ism
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for epicurism

Historical Examples of epicurism

  • To abstain from enjoyment, is the philosophy of the sage, the epicurism of reason.

    The Physical Life of Woman:

    Dr. George H Napheys

  • Quin was undoubtedly open to censure on the score of his epicurism.

  • Their mode of killing swine was as refined in barbarity as in epicurism.

    Ten Thousand Wonderful Things

    Edmund Fillingham King

  • It was not epicurism, however, or a love of the stomach, that induced him to defer his explanations on the present occasion.

    The Crater

    James Fenimore Cooper

  • You that are genuine Athenians, devour with a golden Epicurism the arts and sciences, the spirits and extractions of authors.

Word Origin and History for epicurism



1751, with reference to a philosophy; 1847 in a general sense, from epicurean + -ism. Earlier was epicurism (1570s).

Show More
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

epicurism in Culture


[(ep-i-kyoo-ree-uh-niz-uhm, ep-i-kyoor-ee-uh-niz-uhm)]

A form of hedonism defended by several philosophers of ancient Greece. For the Epicureans, the proper goal of action was pleasure — a long-term pleasure, marked by serenity and temperance.

Show More
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.