Dictionary.com
definitions
  • synonyms

epidemic

[ep-i-dem-ik]
adjective
  1. Also ep·i·dem·i·cal. (of a disease) affecting many persons at the same time, and spreading from person to person in a locality where the disease is not permanently prevalent.
  2. extremely prevalent; widespread.
Show More
noun
  1. a temporary prevalence of a disease.
  2. a rapid spread or increase in the occurrence of something: an epidemic of riots.
Show More

Origin of epidemic

1595–1605; obsolete epidem(y) (< Late Latin epidēmia < Greek epidēmía staying in one place, among the people, equivalent to epi- epi- + dêm(os) people of a district + -ia -y3) + -ic
Related formsep·i·dem·i·cal·ly, adverbep·i·de·mic·i·ty [ep-i-duh-mis-i-tee] /ˌɛp ɪ dəˈmɪs ɪ ti/, nounin·ter·ep·i·dem·ic, adjectivepre·ep·i·dem·ic, noun, adjective
Can be confusedendemic epidemic pandemic
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for epidemicity

Historical Examples of epidemicity

  • Dr. Kerr attributed this increase to exacerbation in the type, and epidemicity of the disease.

    Prisoners Their Own Warders

    J. F. A. McNair


British Dictionary definitions for epidemicity

epidemic

adjective
  1. (esp of a disease) attacking or affecting many persons simultaneously in a community or area
Show More
noun
  1. a widespread occurrence of a diseasean influenza epidemic
  2. a rapid development, spread, or growth of something, esp something unpleasantan epidemic of strikes
Show More
Derived Formsepidemically, adverb

Word Origin for epidemic

C17: from French épidémique, via Late Latin from Greek epidēmia literally: among the people, from epi- + dēmos people
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for epidemicity

epidemic

n.

1757, from epidemic (adj.); earlier epideme (see epidemy). An Old English noun for this (persisting in Middle English) was man-cwealm.

Show More

epidemic

adj.

c.1600, from French épidémique, from épidemié "an epidemic disease," from Medieval Latin epidemia, from Greek epidemia "prevalence of an epidemic disease" (especially the plague), from epi "among, upon" (see epi-) + demos "people, district" (see demotic).

Show More
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

epidemicity in Medicine

epidemicity

(ĕp′ĭ-də-mĭsĭ-tē)
n.
  1. The ability to spread from one host to others; the state of being epidemic.
Show More

epidemic

(ĕp′ĭ-dĕmĭk)
adj.
  1. Spreading rapidly and extensively by infection and affecting many individuals in an area or population at the same time, as of a disease or illness.
Show More
n.
  1. An outbreak or unusually high occurrence of a disease or illness in a population or area.
Show More
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

epidemicity in Science

epidemic

[ĕp′ĭ-dĕmĭk]
  1. An outbreak of a disease or illness that spreads rapidly among individuals in an area or population at the same time. See also endemic pandemic.
Show More
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

epidemicity in Culture

epidemic

A contagious disease that spreads rapidly and widely among the population in an area. Immunization and quarantine are two of the methods used to control an epidemic.

Show More
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.