[ noun ik-ses, ek-ses; adjective, verb ek-ses, ik-ses ]
/ noun ɪkˈsɛs, ˈɛk sɛs; adjective, verb ˈɛk sɛs, ɪkˈsɛs /
the fact of exceeding something else in amount or degree: His strength is in excess of yours.
the amount or degree by which one thing exceeds another: The bill showed an excess of several hundred dollars over the estimate.
an extreme or excessive amount or degree; superabundance: to have an excess of energy.
a going beyond what is regarded as customary or proper: to talk to excess.
immoderate indulgence; intemperance in eating, drinking, etc.
more than or above what is necessary, usual, or specified; extra: a charge for excess baggage; excess profits.
verb (used with object)
to dismiss, demote, transfer, or furlough (an employee), especially as part of a mass layoff.
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Origin of excess
1350–1400; Middle English (noun and adj.) < Latin excessus departure, digression, equivalent to exced-, variant stem of excēdere to exceed + -tus suffix of v. action
Words nearby excess
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020
British Dictionary definitions for excessing
noun (ɪkˈsɛs, ˈɛksɛs)
the state or act of going beyond normal, sufficient, or permitted limits
an immoderate or abnormal amount, number, extent, or degree too much or too manyan excess of tolerance
the amount, number, extent, or degree by which one thing exceeds another
chem a quantity of a reagent that is greater than the quantity required to complete a reactionadd an excess of acid
overindulgence or intemperance
insurance, mainly British a specified contribution towards the cost of a claim, stipulated on certain insurance policies as being payable by the policyholder
in excess of of more than; over
to excess to an inordinate extent; immoderatelyhe drinks to excess
adjective (ˈɛksɛs, ɪkˈsɛs) (usually prenominal)
more than normal, necessary, or permitted; surplusexcess weight
payable as a result of previous underpaymentexcess postage; an excess fare for a railway journey
Word Origin for excess
C14: from Latin excessus, from excēdere to go beyond; see exceed
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Medical definitions for excessing
[ ĭk-sĕs′, ĕk′sĕs′ ]
An amount or quantity beyond what is normal or sufficient; a surplus.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Idioms and Phrases with excessing
see carry too far (to excess); in excess of.
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.