excise

1
[noun ek-sahyz, -sahys; verb ek-sahyz, ik-sahyz]
noun
  1. an internal tax or duty on certain commodities, as liquor or tobacco, levied on their manufacture, sale, or consumption within the country.
  2. a tax levied for a license to carry on certain employments, pursue certain sports, etc.
  3. British. the branch of the civil service that collects excise taxes.
verb (used with object), ex·cised, ex·cising.
  1. to impose an excise on.

Origin of excise

1
1485–95; apparently < Middle Dutch excijs, variant of accijs < Medieval Latin accīsa tax, literally, a cut, noun use of feminine past participle of Latin accīdere to cut into, equivalent to ac- ac- + cīd-, variant stem of caedere to cut + -ta feminine past participle suffix, with dt > s

excise

2
[ik-sahyz]
verb (used with object), ex·cised, ex·cis·ing.
  1. to expunge, as a passage or sentence, from a text.
  2. to cut out or off, as a tumor.

Origin of excise

2
1570–80; < Latin excīsus cut out, hewn down, past participle of excīdere to excide
Related formsex·cis·a·ble, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018


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British Dictionary definitions for excising

excise

1
noun (ˈɛksaɪz, ɛkˈsaɪz)
  1. Also called: excise tax a tax on goods, such as spirits, produced for the home market
  2. a tax paid for a licence to carry out various trades, sports, etc
  3. British that section of the government service responsible for the collection of excise, now part of HMRC
Derived Formsexcisable, adjective

Word Origin for excise

C15: probably from Middle Dutch excijs, probably from Old French assise a sitting, assessment, from Latin assidēre to sit beside, assist in judging, from sedēre to sit

excise

2
verb (tr)
  1. to delete (a passage, sentence, etc); expunge
  2. to remove (an organ, structure, or part) surgically
Derived Formsexcision (ɪkˈsɪʒən), noun

Word Origin for excise

C16: from Latin excīdere to cut down; see excide
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for excising

excise

n.

"tax on goods," late 15c., from Middle Dutch excijs (early 15c.), apparently altered from accijs "tax" (by influence of Latin excisus "cut out or removed," see excise (v.)), traditionally from Old French acceis "tax, assessment" (12c.), from Vulgar Latin *accensum, ultimately from Latin ad- "to" (see ad-) + census "tax, census" (see census). English got the word, and the idea for the tax, from Holland.

excise

v.

"cut out," 1570s, from Middle French exciser, from Latin excisus, past participle of excidere "cut out, cut down, cut off," from ex- "out" (see ex-) + -cidere, comb. form of caedere "to cut down" (see -cide). Related: Excised; excising.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

excising in Medicine

excise

[ĭk-sīz]
v.
  1. To remove by cutting.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.