expropriate

[eks-proh-pree-eyt]
See more synonyms for expropriate on Thesaurus.com
verb (used with object), ex·pro·pri·at·ed, ex·pro·pri·at·ing.
  1. to take possession of, especially for public use by the right of eminent domain, thus divesting the title of the private owner: The government expropriated the land for a recreation area.
  2. to dispossess (a person) of ownership: The revolutionary government expropriated the landowners from their estates.
  3. to take (something) from another's possession for one's own use: He expropriated my ideas for his own article.

Origin of expropriate

1605–15; < Medieval Latin expropriātus separated from one's own (past participle of expropriāre), equivalent to ex- ex-1 + propri(āre) to appropriate (derivative of proprius proper) + -ātus -ate1
Related formsex·pro·pri·a·ble [eks-proh-pree-uh-buh l] /ɛksˈproʊ pri ə bəl/, adjectiveex·pro·pri·a·tion, nounex·pro·pri·a·tion·ist, adjective, nounex·pro·pri·a·tor, nounde-ex·pro·pri·a·tion, nounun·ex·pro·pri·a·ble, adjectiveun·ex·pro·pri·at·ed, adjective
Can be confusedappropriate apropos expropriate
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words for expropriation

appropriation, confiscation, arrogation

Examples from the Web for expropriation

Historical Examples of expropriation


British Dictionary definitions for expropriation

expropriate

verb (tr)
  1. to deprive (an owner) of (property), esp by taking it for public useSee also eminent domain
Derived Formsexpropriable, adjectiveexpropriation, nounexpropriator, noun

Word Origin for expropriate

C17: from Medieval Latin expropriāre to deprive of possessions, from proprius own
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for expropriation
n.

mid-15c., "renunciation of worldly goods," from Medieval Latin expropriationem (nominative expropriatio), noun of action from Late Latin expropriare "deprive of property," from ex- "away from" (see ex-) + propriare "to appropriate" (see appropriate). Sense of "a taking of someone's property," especially for public use, is from 1848; as Weekley puts it, "Current sense of organized theft appears to have arisen among Ger. socialists."

expropriate

v.

1610s, back-formation from expropriation, or from earlier adjective (mid-15c.), or from Medieval Latin expropriatus, past participle of expropriare "to deprive of one's own." Related: Expropriated; expropriating.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

expropriation in Culture

expropriation

The taking over of private property by a government, often without fair compensation but usually with a legal assertion that the government has a right to do so.

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.