[ ik-strap-uh-leyt ]
/ ɪkˈstræp əˌleɪt /
verb (used with object), ex·trap·o·lat·ed, ex·trap·o·lat·ing.
to infer (an unknown) from something that is known; conjecture.
Statistics. to estimate (the value of a variable) outside the tabulated or observed range.
Mathematics. to estimate (a function that is known over a range of values of its independent variable) to values outside the known range.
verb (used without object), ex·trap·o·lat·ed, ex·trap·o·lat·ing.
to perform extrapolation.
Related formsex·trap·o·la·tion, nounex·trap·o·la·tive, ex·trap·o·la·to·ry [ik-strap-uh-luh-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee] /ɪkˈstræp ə ləˌtɔr i, -ˌtoʊr i/, adjectiveex·trap·o·la·tor, nouno·ver·ex·trap·o·la·tion, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019
British Dictionary definitions for extrapolative
/ (ɪkˈstræpəˌleɪt) /
maths to estimate (a value of a function or measurement) beyond the values already known, by the extension of a curveCompare interpolate (def. 4)
to infer (something not known) by using but not strictly deducing from the known facts
Derived Formsextrapolation, nounextrapolative or extrapolatory, adjectiveextrapolator, noun
Word Origin for extrapolate
C19: extra- + -polate, as in interpolate
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Word Origin and History for extrapolative
1874, a back-formation from extrapolation by analogy of interpolate. Said in early references to be an expression of Sir George Airy (1801-1892), English mathematician and astronomer. Related: Extrapolated; extrapolating.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Science definitions for extrapolative
[ ĭk-străp′ə-lāt′ ]
To estimate the value of a quantity that falls outside the range in which its values are known.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.