fool

1
[fool]
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noun
  1. a silly or stupid person; a person who lacks judgment or sense.
  2. a professional jester, formerly kept by a person of royal or noble rank for amusement: the court fool.
  3. a person who has been tricked or deceived into appearing or acting silly or stupid: to make a fool of someone.
  4. an ardent enthusiast who cannot resist an opportunity to indulge an enthusiasm (usually preceded by a present participle): He's just a dancing fool.
  5. a weak-minded or idiotic person.
verb (used with object)
  1. to trick, deceive, or impose on: They tried to fool him.
verb (used without object)
  1. to act like a fool; joke; play.
  2. to jest; pretend; make believe: I was only fooling.
Verb Phrases
  1. fool around,
    1. to putter aimlessly; waste time: She fooled around all through school.
    2. to philander or flirt.
    3. to be sexually promiscuous, especially to engage in adultery.
  2. fool away, to spend foolishly, as time or money; squander: to fool away the entire afternoon.
  3. fool with, to handle or play with idly or carelessly: to be hurt while fooling with a loaded gun; to fool with someone's affections.
Idioms
  1. be nobody's fool, to be wise or shrewd.

Origin of fool

1
1225–75; Middle English fol, fool < Old French fol < Latin follis bellows, bag; cf. follis
Related formsun·fooled, adjectiveun·fool·ing, adjectivewell-fooled, adjective

Synonyms for fool

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Antonyms for fool

1. genius.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words for fool around

dawdle, idle, lark

British Dictionary definitions for fool around

fool

1
noun
  1. a person who lacks sense or judgement
  2. a person who is made to appear ridiculous
  3. (formerly) a professional jester living in a royal or noble household
  4. obsolete an idiot or imbecilethe village fool
  5. form the fool Caribbean to play the fool or behave irritatingly
  6. no fool a wise or sensible person
  7. play the fool or act the fool to deliberately act foolishly; indulge in buffoonery
verb
  1. (tr) to deceive (someone), esp in order to make him or her look ridiculous
  2. (intr; foll by with, around with, or about with) informal to act or play (with) irresponsibly or aimlesslyto fool around with a woman
  3. (intr) to speak or act in a playful, teasing, or jesting manner
  4. (tr foll by away) to squander; fritterhe fooled away a fortune
  5. fool along US to move or proceed in a leisurely way
adjective
  1. informal short for foolish

Word Origin for fool

C13: from Old French fol mad person, from Late Latin follis empty-headed fellow, from Latin: bellows; related to Latin flāre to blow

fool

2
noun
  1. mainly British a dessert made from a purée of fruit with cream or custardgooseberry fool

Word Origin for fool

C16: perhaps from fool 1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for fool around

fool

n.

late 13c., "silly or stupid person," from Old French fol "madman, insane person; idiot; rogue; jester," also "blacksmith's bellows," also an adjective meaning "mad, insane" (12c., Modern French fou), from Latin follis "bellows, leather bag" (see follicle); in Vulgar Latin used with a sense of "windbag, empty-headed person." Cf. also Sanskrit vatula- "insane," literally "windy, inflated with wind."

The word has in mod.Eng. a much stronger sense than it had at an earlier period; it has now an implication of insulting contempt which does not in the same degree belong to any of its synonyms, or to the derivative foolish. [OED]

Meaning "jester, court clown" first attested late 14c., though it is not always possible to tell whether the reference is to a professional entertainer or an amusing lunatic on the payroll. As the name of a kind of custard dish, it is attested from 1590s (the food also was called trifle, which may be the source of the name).

There is no foole to the olde foole [Heywood, 1546]

Feast of Fools (early 14c.), from Medieval Latin festum stultorum) refers to the burlesque festival celebrated in some churches on New Year's Day in medieval times. Fool's gold "iron pyrite" is from 1829. Fool's paradise "state of illusory happiness" is from mid-15c. Foolosopher, a most useful insult, turns up in a 1549 translation of Erasmus. Fool's ballocks is described in OED as "an old name" for the green-winged orchid.

fool

v.

mid-14c., "to be foolish, act the fool," from fool (n.). The meaning "to make a fool of" is recorded from 1590s. Also as a verb 16c.-17c. was foolify. Related: Fooled; fooling. Fool around is 1875 in the sense of "pass time idly," 1970s in sense of "have sexual adventures."

fool

adj.

"foolish, silly," considered modern U.S. colloquial, but it is attested from early 13c., from fool (n.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Idioms and Phrases with fool around

fool around

1

Also, monkey around. Engage in idle or casual activity, putter. For example, Jim loved to fool around with his computer, or She was monkeying around with some figures in hopes of balancing the budget. [Second half of 1800s]

2

Engage in frivolous activity, waste time. For example, Instead of studying, he spends all his spare time fooling around. Also see fool away.

3

Engage in flirting or casual sexual acts; also, engage in adultery. For example, He caught the two teenagers fooling around in the basement. [1830s]

fool

In addition to the idioms beginning with fool

  • fool and his money are soon parted, a
  • fool around
  • fool away
  • fools rush in where angels fear to tread

also see:

  • make a fool of
  • nobody's fool
  • no fool like an old fool
  • not suffer fools gladly
  • play the fool
  • take for (a fool)

Also see underfoolish.

The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.