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gens

[ jenz ]
/ dʒɛnz /
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noun, plural gen·tes [jen-teez]. /ˈdʒɛn tiz/.

a group of families in ancient Rome claiming descent from a common ancestor and united by a common name and common ancestral religious rites.
Anthropology. a group tracing common descent in the male line; clan.

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Origin of gens

First recorded in 1840–50, gens is from the Latin word gēns race, people. See genus, gender1, gender2

OTHER WORDS FROM gens

subgens, noun, plural sub·gen·tes.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021

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British Dictionary definitions for gens

gens
/ (dʒɛnz) /

noun plural gentes (ˈdʒɛntiːz)

(in ancient Rome) any of a group of aristocratic families, having a common name and claiming descent from a common ancestor in the male line
anthropol a group based on descent in the male line

Word Origin for gens

C19: from Latin: race; compare genus, gender
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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