• synonyms


[ jee-og-ruh-fee ]
/ dʒiˈɒg rə fi /

noun, plural ge·og·ra·phies.

the science dealing with the areal differentiation of the earth's surface, as shown in the character, arrangement, and interrelations over the world of such elements as climate, elevation, soil, vegetation, population, land use, industries, or states, and of the unit areas formed by the complex of these individual elements.
the study of this science.
the topographical features of a region, usually of the earth, sometimes of the planets.
a book dealing with this science or study, as a textbook.
the arrangement of features of any complex entity: the geography of the mind.


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topography, geopolitics, geology, cartography, physiography, topology, chorography

Nearby words

geographic south, geographical, geographical determinism, geographical mile, geographical tongue, geography, geohydrology, geoid, geoisotherm, geol., geolocation

Origin of geography

1535–45; < Latin geōgraphia < Greek geōgraphía earth description. See geo-, -graphy Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for geographies

British Dictionary definitions for geographies


/ (dʒɪˈɒɡrəfɪ) /

noun plural -phies

the study of the natural features of the earth's surface, including topography, climate, soil, vegetation, etc, and man's response to them
the natural features of a region
an arrangement of constituent parts; plan; layout
Derived Formsgeographer, noungeographical (ˌdʒɪəˈɡræfɪkəl) or geographic, adjectivegeographically, adverb
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for geographies



1540s, from Middle French géographie (15c.), from Latin geographia, from Greek geographia "description of the earth's surface," from geo- "earth" + -graphia "description" (see -graphy).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Science definitions for geographies


[ jē-ŏgrə-fē ]

The scientific study of the Earth's surface and its various climates, countries, peoples, and natural resources.
The physical characteristics, especially the surface features, of an area.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.