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er

[ uh, er ]
/ ə, ər /
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interjection
(used to express or represent a pause, hesitation, uncertainty, etc.).
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WORDS THAT MAY BE CONFUSED WITH er

er , err

Other definitions for er (2 of 13)

Er

Symbol, Chemistry.
erbium.

Other definitions for er (3 of 13)

ER

efficiency report.

Other definitions for er (4 of 13)

-er1

a suffix used in forming nouns designating persons from the object of their occupation or labor (hatter; tiler; tinner; moonshiner), or from their place of origin or abode (Icelander; southerner; villager), or designating either persons or things from some special characteristic or circumstance (six-footer; three-master; teetotaler; fiver; tenner).
a suffix serving as the regular English formative of agent nouns, being attached to verbs of any origin (bearer; creeper; employer; harvester; teacher; theorizer).
Compare -ier1, -yer.

Origin of -er

1
Middle English -er(e), a coalescence of Old English -ere agentive suffix (cognate with Old High German -āri, Gothic -areis, from unattested Germanic -arjaz, from unattested Slavic -arĭ, from Latin -ārius ) and Old English -ware suffix forming nouns of ethnic or residential origin (e.g., Rōmware “Romans”), cognate with Old High German -āri, from unattested Germanic -warioz “people”; see origin at -ary

Other definitions for er (5 of 13)

-er2

a noun suffix occurring in loanwords from French in the Middle English period, most often names of occupations (archer; butcher; butler; carpenter; grocer; mariner; officer), but also other nouns (corner; danger; primer). Some historical instances of this suffix, as in banker or gardener, where the base is a recognizable modern English word, are now indistinguishable from denominal formations with -er1, as miller or potter.

Origin of -er

2
Middle English <Anglo-French -er, equivalent to Old French -er, -ier<Latin -ārius, -ārium.Cf. -ary, -eer, -ier2

Other definitions for er (6 of 13)

-er3

a termination of nouns denoting action or process: dinner; rejoinder; remainder; trover.

Origin of -er

3
<French, originally infinitive suffix -er, -re

Other definitions for er (7 of 13)

-er4

a suffix regularly used in forming the comparative degree of adjectives: harder; smaller.

Origin of -er

4
Middle English -er(e), -re,Old English -ra, -re; cognate with German -er

Other definitions for er (8 of 13)

-er5

a suffix regularly used in forming the comparative degree of adverbs: faster.

Origin of -er

5
Middle English -er(e), -re,Old English -or; cognate with Old High German -or,German -er

Other definitions for er (9 of 13)

-er6

a formal element appearing in verbs having frequentative meaning: flicker; flutter; shiver; shudder.

Origin of -er

6
Middle English; Old English -r-; cognate with German -(e)r-

Other definitions for er (10 of 13)

-er7

a suffix that creates informal or jocular mutations of more neutral words, which are typically clipped to a single syllable if polysyllabic, before application of the suffix, and which sometimes undergo other phonetic alterations: bed-sitter; footer; fresher; rugger. Most words formed thus have been limited to English public-school and university slang; few, if any, have become current in North America, with the exception of soccer, which has also lost its earlier informal character.
Compare -ers.

Origin of -er

7
Probably modeled on nonagentive uses of -er1; said to have first become current in University College, Oxford, 1875–80

Other definitions for er (11 of 13)

E.R.1

abbreviation
King Edward.

Origin of E.R.

1
From New Latin Edwardus Rex

Other definitions for er (12 of 13)

E.R.2

abbreviation
Queen Elizabeth.

Origin of E.R.

2
From New Latin Elizabeth Regina

Other definitions for er (13 of 13)

E.R.3

abbreviation
East Riding (Yorkshire).
East River (New York City).
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021

How to use er in a sentence

British Dictionary definitions for er (1 of 6)

er1
/ (ə, ɜː) /

interjection
a sound made when hesitating in speech

British Dictionary definitions for er (2 of 6)

er2

the internet domain name for
Eritrea

British Dictionary definitions for er (3 of 6)

Er

the chemical symbol for
erbium

British Dictionary definitions for er (4 of 6)

ER

abbreviation for
(in the US) Emergency Room (in hospitals)
Elizabeth Regina
Eduardus Rex

Word Origin for ER

Latin: Queen Elizabeth

British Dictionary definitions for er (5 of 6)

-er1

suffix forming nouns
a person or thing that performs a specified actionreader; decanter; lighter
a person engaged in a profession, occupation, etcwriter; baker; bootlegger
a native or inhabitant ofislander; Londoner; villager
a person or thing having a certain characteristicnewcomer; double-decker; fiver

Word Origin for -er

Old English -ere; related to German -er, Latin -ārius

British Dictionary definitions for er (6 of 6)

-er2

suffix
forming the comparative degree of adjectives (deeper, freer, sunnier, etc) and adverbs (faster, slower, etc)

Word Origin for -er

Old English -rd, -re (adj), -or (adv)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Medical definitions for er (1 of 2)

Er

The symbol for the elementerbium

Medical definitions for er (2 of 2)

ER

abbr.
emergency room
endoplasmic reticulum
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Scientific definitions for er

Er

The symbol for erbium.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
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