glutamic acid

[ gloo-tam-ik ]

  1. an amino acid, HOOCCH2CH2CH(NH2)COOH, obtained by hydrolysis from wheat gluten and sugar-beet residues, used commercially chiefly in the form of its sodium salt to intensify the flavor of meat or other food. Abbreviation: Glu; Symbol: E

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Origin of glutamic acid

First recorded in 1870–75; glut(en) + amic
  • Also glu·ta·min·ic ac·id [gloo-tuh-min-ik, gloo-]. /ˈglu təˈmɪn ɪk, ˌglu-/.

Words Nearby glutamic acid Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2023

British Dictionary definitions for glutamic acid

glutamic acid

glutaminic acid (ˌɡluːtəˈmɪnɪk)

/ (ɡluːˈtæmɪk) /

  1. a nonessential amino acid, occurring in proteins, that acts as a neurotransmitter and plays a part in nitrogen metabolism

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Scientific definitions for glutamic acid

glutamic acid

[ glōō-tămĭk ]

  1. A nonessential amino acid. Chemical formula: C5H9NO4. See more at amino acid.

The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.