glutamic acid

[ gloo-tam-ik ]
/ gluˈtæm ɪk /

noun Biochemistry.

an amino acid, HOOCCH2CH2CH(NH2)COOH, obtained by hydrolysis from wheat gluten and sugar-beet residues, used commercially chiefly in the form of its sodium salt to intensify the flavor of meat or other food. Abbreviation: Glu; Symbol: E
Also glu·ta·min·ic ac·id [gloo-tuh-min-ik, gloo-]. /ˈglu təˈmɪn ɪk, ˌglu-/.

Origin of glutamic acid

First recorded in 1870–75; glut(en) + amic Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020

British Dictionary definitions for glutamic acid

glutamic acid

glutaminic acid (ˌɡluːtəˈmɪnɪk)

/ (ɡluːˈtæmɪk) /


a nonessential amino acid, occurring in proteins, that acts as a neurotransmitter and plays a part in nitrogen metabolism
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Medical definitions for glutamic acid

glutamic acid
[ glōō-tămĭk ]


A nonessential amino acid occurring widely in plant and animal tissue and having a salt, monosodium glutamate, that is used as a flavor-intensifying seasoning.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Scientific definitions for glutamic acid

glutamic acid
[ glōō-tămĭk ]

A nonessential amino acid. Chemical formula: C5H9NO4. See more at amino acid.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.