- a fixed frame of bars or the like covering an opening to exclude persons, animals, coarse material, or objects while admitting light, air, or fine material.
- Physics. diffraction grating.
Origin of grating1
- irritating or unpleasant to one's feelings.
- (of a sound or noise) harsh, discordant, or rasping.
Origin of grating2
- a frame of metal bars for holding fuel when burning, as in a fireplace, furnace, or stove.
- a framework of parallel or crossed bars, used as a partition, guard, cover, or the like; grating.
- a fireplace.
- to furnish with a grate or grates.
Origin of grate1
- to have an irritating or unpleasant effect: His constant chatter grates on my nerves.
- to make a sound of, or as if of, rough scraping; rasp.
- to sound harshly; jar: to grate on the ear.
- to scrape or rub with rough or noisy friction, as one thing on or against another.
- to reduce to small particles by rubbing against a rough surface or a surface with many sharp-edged openings: to grate a carrot.
- to rub together with a harsh, jarring sound: to grate one's teeth.
- to irritate or annoy.
- Archaic. to wear down or away by rough friction.
Origin of grate2
SynonymsSee more synonyms for on Thesaurus.com
Examples from the Web for grating
“Go on then,” she said, as if humoring a grating younger sibling.Justin Bieber's Abs Cannot Save Him
September 10, 2014
But as the season wore on and her grating nerve wore down, I actually really warmed up to her.Inside ‘Orange Is the New Black’ S2, Eps. 6-12: About That Shocking Incest Scene
Kevin Fallon, Marlow Stern
June 20, 2014
A stout woman with a grating voice, she asked, “So you think life is so good here in Ukraine?”Putin’s People Stage Their Bogus Vote
May 11, 2014
Four years after “Safety Dance,” Men Without Hats returned with the grating ‘Pop Goes the World.’No Pressure, Psy. One-Hit Wonders’ Followup Misses (Videos)
Ben Teitelbaum, Alex Chancey, Nick Mellace, Holly Bernal
April 12, 2013
Your most grating acquaintance could – and usually would – bombard you with reams of unoriginal drivel at the press of a key.Unconsidered Trifles: Found Comedy in the Age of Social Media
March 30, 2013
He fumbled for the knob, and it turned with a grating sound.Way of the Lawless
I lay on that grating two months, and bitter months they were to me.Ned Myers
James Fenimore Cooper
The slab moved upward an inch or two, grating in its rough grooves.It Happened in Egypt
C. N. Williamson
The man who lay on the ledge of the grating was even chilled.Little Dorrit
Cornelius trembled with joy, so much so that he was obliged to hold by the grating.The Black Tulip
Alexandre Dumas (Pere)
- Also called: grate a framework of metal bars in the form of a grille set into a wall, pavement, etc, serving as a cover or guard but admitting air and sometimes light
- short for diffraction grating
- (of sounds) harsh and rasping
- annoying; irritating
- (often plural) something produced by grating
- (tr) to reduce to small shreds by rubbing against a rough or sharp perforated surfaceto grate carrots
- to scrape (an object) against something or (objects) together, producing a harsh rasping sound, or (of objects) to scrape with such a sound
- (intr; foll by on or upon) to annoy
- a harsh rasping sound
- (tr) to provide with a grate or grates
Word Origin and History for grating
"annoying, irritating," 1560s, figurative use of present participle adjective from grate (v.).
late 14c., "grill for cooking;" early 15c., "iron bars or cagework across a door or windows," from Anglo-Latin (mid-14c.), from Old French grate or directly from Medieval Latin grata "lattice," from Latin cratis "wickerwork, hurdle" (see hurdle). As a verb meaning "to fit with a grate," from mid-15c. Related: Grated; grating.
"to scrape, rub," late 14c. (implied in grated), from Old French grater "to scrape" (Modern French gratter), from Frankish *kratton, from Proto-Germanic *krattojan (cf. Old High German krazzon "to scratch, scrape," German kratzen "to scratch," Swedish kratta, Danish kratte "to rake"), probably of imitative origin. Senses of "sound harshly," and "annoy" are mid-16c. Italian grattare also is from Germanic. Related: Grated; grating.