adjective, hard·er, hard·est.
- containing more than 22.5 percent alcohol by volume, as whiskey and brandy as opposed to beer and wine.
- strong because of fermentation; intoxicating: hard cider.
- having a firm, crisp crust or texture: hard rolls.
- stale or tough.
adverb, hard·er, hard·est.
- a firm or solid beach or foreshore.
- a firm landing, jetty, or road across or adjoining the foreshore.
- harbour master,
- harbour seal,
- hard act to follow,
- hard and fast,
- hard as nails,
- hard bargain,
- hard bop
- urgently in need of money.
- feeling a lack or need: The country is hard up for technicians and doctors.
Origin of hard
Examples from the Web for hardest
“It is the hardest to play,” one of the buglers says of this seemingly simple tune.Choking Back Tears, Thousands of Cops Honor Fallen Officer Ramos|Michael Daly|December 28, 2014|DAILY BEAST
But I will say the hardest to play for me—well, one of the easiest to improvise, but also the hardest character is Liz.
The pictures which would melt even the hardest of Republcian hearts were taken at the end of November.
But it is the lasting emotional scars that have been the hardest to deal with.
She has been formidable from start to finish, and is one of the hardest workers in the company.William, Kate, and Jay Z’s Favorite Art Star: Alexander Gilkes' World of Rock Stars and Royalty|Tim Teeman|December 10, 2014|DAILY BEAST
His hardest work was to keep the Kansans off the Missourians.The Struggle for Missouri|John McElroy
The younger girl sighed as she replied, “Well, I like hard games, but this one will be the hardest that I ever played.”Dixie Martin|Grace May North
This loafing about and waiting upon the movements of Government officials is the hardest work I ever tried to do.Letters from Port Royal|Various
You know what the poet says—“A lie that is half a lie is ever the hardest to fight.”The Little Vanities of Mrs. Whittaker|John Strange Winter
"I don't see that it has budged any," gasped Fred, after half a minute of the hardest kind of effort.The Rover Boys in the Land of Luck|Edward Stratemeyer
- (of cash, money, etc) in coin and paper rather than cheques
- (of currency) in strong demand, esp as a result of a good balance of payments situation
- (of credit) difficult to obtain; tight
- an older word for fortis
- (not in modern technical usage) denoting the consonants c and g in English when they are pronounced as velar stops (k, g)
- (of consonants in the Slavonic languages) not palatalized
- being heavily fortified and protected
- (of nuclear missiles) located underground in massively reinforced silos
- a person not easily persuaded or won over
- a thing not easily understood
- in need of money; poor
- (foll by for) in great need (of)hard up for suggestions
- with effort or difficultytheir victory was hard won
- (in combination)hard-earned
Word Origin for hard
Old English heard "solid, firm, not soft," also "severe, rigorous, cruel," from Proto-Germanic *hardu- (cf. Old Saxon and Dutch hard, Old Norse harðr "hard," Old High German harto "extremely, very," German hart, Gothic hardus "hard"), from PIE *kortu-, (cf. Greek kratos "strength," kratys "strong"), from root *kar-/*ker- "hard." Meaning "difficult to do" is from c.1200. The adverb sense was also present in Old English.
Hard of hearing preserves obsolete Middle English sense of "having difficulty in doing something." Hard liquor is 1879, American English (hard drink is from 1810; hard cider is from 1789), and this probably led to hard drugs (1955). Hard facts is from 1887; hard news is from 1938. Hard copy (as opposed to computer record) is from 1964; hard disk is from 1978. Hard up (1610s) is originally nautical, of steering (slang sense of "short of money" is from 1821), as is hard and fast (1680s), of a ship on shore. Hard times "period of poverty" is from 1705.
Hard money (1706) is specie, as opposed to paper. Hence 19c. U.S. hard (n.) "one who advocates the use of metallic money as the national currency" (1844). To play hard to get is from 1945. Hard rock as a pop music style recorded from 1967.
In addition to the idioms beginning with hard
- hard act to follow
- hard and fast
- hard as nails
- hard bargain
- hard cash
- harden one's heart
- hard feelings
- hard hat
- hard hit, be
- hard line
- hard liquor
- hard luck
- hardly ever
- hard nut to crack
- hard of hearing
- hard on
- hard on someone's heels
- hard pressed
- hard put, be
- hard row to hoe
- hard sell
- hard time
- hard up
- hard way, the
- between a rock and a hard place
- cold (hard) cash
- come down (hard) on
- die hard
- drive a (hard) bargain
- go hard with
- no hard feelings
- play hardball
- play hard to get
- school of hard knocks
- tough (hard) row to hoe