- having a coarse or uneven surface, as from projections, irregularities, or breaks; not smooth: rough, red hands; a rough road.
- shaggy or coarse: a dog with a rough coat.
- (of an uninhabited region or large land area) steep or uneven and covered with high grass, brush, trees, stones, etc.: to hunt over rough country.
- acting with or characterized by violence: Boxing is a rough sport.
- characterized by unnecessary violence or infractions of the rules: It was a rough prize fight.
- violently disturbed or agitated; turbulent, as water or the air: a rough sea.
- having a violently irregular motion; uncomfortably or dangerously uneven: The plane had a rough flight in the storm.
- stormy or tempestuous, as wind or weather.
- sharp or harsh: a rough temper.
- unmannerly or rude: his rough and churlish manner; They exchanged rough words.
- disorderly or riotous: a rough mob.
- difficult or unpleasant: to have a rough time of it.
- harsh to the ear; grating or jarring, as sounds.
- harsh to the taste; sharp or astringent: a rough wine.
- coarse, as food.
- lacking culture or refinement: a rough, countrified manner.
- without refinements, luxuries, or ordinary comforts or conveniences: rough camping.
- requiring exertion or strength rather than intelligence or skill: rough manual labor.
- not elaborated, perfected, or corrected; unpolished, as language, verse, or style: a rough draft.
- made or done without any attempt at exactness, completeness, or thoroughness; approximate or tentative: a rough guess.
- crude, unwrought, nonprocessed, or unprepared: rough rice.
- Phonetics. uttered with aspiration; having the sound of h; aspirated.
- something that is rough, especially rough ground.
- Golf. any part of the course bordering the fairway on which the grass, weeds, etc., are not trimmed.
- the unpleasant or difficult part of anything.
- anything in its crude or preliminary form, as a drawing.
- Chiefly British. a rowdy; ruffian.
- in a rough manner; roughly.
- to make rough; roughen.
- to give a beating to, manhandle, or subject to physical violence (often followed by up): The mob roughed up the speaker.
- to subject to some rough, preliminary process of working or preparation (often followed by down, off, or out): to rough off boards.
- to sketch roughly or in outline (often followed by in or out): to rough out a diagram; to rough in the conversation of a novel.
- Sports. to subject (a player on the opposing team) to unnecessary physical abuse, as in blocking or tackling: The team was penalized 15 yards for roughing the kicker.
- to become rough, as a surface.
- to behave roughly.
- in the rough, in a rough, crude, or unfinished state: The country has an exciting potential, but civilization there is still in the rough.
- rough it, to live without the customary comforts or conveniences; endure rugged conditions: We really roughed it on our fishing trip.
Origin of rough
Synonyms for roughSee more synonyms for on Thesaurus.com
Antonyms for rough
Related Words for roughrugged, rocky, coarse, bumpy, fuzzy, choppy, harsh, dry, turbulent, tough, hard, cruel, raw, violent, unpleasant, nasty, unpolished, sketchy, foggy, uncertain
Examples from the Web for rough
Contemporary Examples of rough
Gurley was gunned down on Nov. 20, when a pair of cops was patrolling the rough housing project.Protesters Demand Justice For Gurley As Gap Grows Between Cops and NYC
December 28, 2014
CEO Michael Lynton showed a rough cut of the movie to U.S. officials before moving ahead.Exclusive: Sony Emails Say State Department Blessed Kim Jong-Un Assassination in ‘The Interview’
December 17, 2014
According to contemporary reports, at several of the truces, there were rough soccer matches between the German and British sides.Royals Remember The Christmas Truce of 1914
December 12, 2014
Wahlberg grew up the youngest of nine children in a broken home in the rough Dorchester section of Boston.Mark Wahlberg’s Pardon Plea: A Look Back At His Troubling, Violent, and Racist Rap Sheet
December 7, 2014
The robots can slice through stone and rough out vast blocks of stone while the artisans are sleeping.Damien Hirst’s Army of Geppettos
December 2, 2014
Historical Examples of rough
Bates was a stout sailor, rough in appearance, but with a warm and kindly heart.Brave and Bold
The Mann Ranges are very high and rough, and are composed of reddish granite.Explorations in Australia
There is crime to be conquered, the rough crime of the streets.
War is a rough teacher, but it is evidently the only one for the Continent.
He had become short, I do not say rough in his speech to his wife.Weighed and Wanting
- (of a surface) not smooth; uneven or irregular
- (of ground) covered with scrub, boulders, etc
- denoting or taking place on uncultivated groundrough grazing; rough shooting
- shaggy or hairy
- turbulent; agitateda rough sea
- (of the performance or motion of something) uneven; irregulara rough engine
- (of behaviour or character) rude, coarse, ill mannered, inconsiderate, or violent
- harsh or sharprough words
- informal severe or unpleasanta rough lesson
- (of work, a task, etc) requiring physical rather than mental effort
- informal ill or physically upsethe felt rough after an evening of heavy drinking
- unfair or unjustrough luck
- harsh or grating to the ear
- harsh to the taste
- without refinement, luxury, etc
- not polished or perfected in any detail; rudimentary; not elaboraterough workmanship; rough justice
- not prepared or dressedrough gemstones
- (of a guess, estimate, etc) approximate
- Australian informal (of a chance) not good
- having the sound of h; aspirated
- rough on informal, mainly British
- severe towards
- unfortunate for (a person)
- the rough side of one's tongue harsh words; a reprimand, rebuke, or verbal attack
- rough ground
- a sketch or preliminary piece of artwork
- an unfinished or crude state (esp in the phrase in the rough)
- the rough golf the part of the course bordering the fairways where the grass is untrimmed
- tennis squash badminton the side of a racket on which the binding strings form an uneven line
- informal a rough or violent person; thug
- the unpleasant side of something (esp in the phrase take the rough with the smooth)
- in a rough manner; roughly
- sleep rough to spend the night in the open; be without a home or without shelter
- (tr) to make rough; roughen
- (tr ; foll by out, in, etc) to prepare (a sketch, report, piece of work, etc) in preliminary form
- rough it informal to live without the usual comforts or conveniences of life
Word Origin for rough
Word Origin and History for rough
Old English ruh "rough, coarse (of cloth); hairy, shaggy; untrimmed, uncultivated," from West Germanic *rukhwaz "shaggy, hairy, rough" (cf. Middle Dutch ruuch, Dutch ruig, Old High German ruher, German rauh), from Proto-Germanic *rukhaz, from PIE *reue- "to smash, knock down, tear out, dig up" (cf. Sanskrit ruksah "rough;" Latin ruga "wrinkle," ruere "to rush, fall violently, collapse," ruina "a collapse;" Lithuanian raukas "wrinkle," rukti "to shrink").
The original -gh- sound was guttural, as in Scottish loch. Sense of "approximate" is first recorded c.1600. Of places, "riotous, disorderly, characterized by violent action," 1863. Rough draft is from 1690s. Rough-and-ready is from 1810, originally military; rough-and-tumble (1810) is from a style of free-fighting.
late 15c., from rough (adj.). Related: Roughed; roughing. Phrase rough it "submit to hardships" (1768) is originally nautical:
To lie rough; to lie all night in one's clothes: called also roughing it. Likewise to sleep on the bare deck of a ship, when the person is commonly advised to chuse the softest plank. [Grose, "Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue," 1788]
To rough out "shape or plan approximately" is from 1770. To rough up "make rough" is from 1763. To rough (someone) up "beat up, jostle violently" is from 1868. The U.S. football penalty roughing was originally a term from boxing (1866).
c.1200, "broken ground," from rough (adj.). Meaning "a rowdy" is first attested 1837. Specific sense in golf is from 1901. Phrase in the rough "in an unfinished or unprocessed condition" (of timber, etc.) is from 1819.
Idioms and Phrases with rough
In addition to the idioms beginning with rough
- rough and ready
- rough and tumble
- rough it
- rough on, be
- rough out
- rough up
- diamond in the rough
- ride roughshod over
- take the rough with the smooth
- when the going gets rough