Haskalah

[ hah-skuh-lah; Ashkenazic Hebrew hah-skaw-luh; Sephardic Hebrew hah-skah-lah ]
/ ˌhɑ skəˈlɑ; Ashkenazic Hebrew hɑˈskɔ lə; Sephardic Hebrew hɑ skɑˈlɑ /

noun

an 18th–19th-century movement among central and eastern European Jews, begun in Germany under the leadership of Moses Mendelssohn, designed to make Jews and Judaism more cosmopolitan in character by promoting knowledge of and contributions to the secular arts and sciences and encouraging adoption of the dress, customs, and language of the general population.

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Origin of Haskalah

From the Hebrew word haśkālāh enlightenment
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020