• synonyms


noun, plural her·ni·as, her·ni·ae [hur-nee-ee] /ˈhɜr niˌi/. Pathology.
  1. the protrusion of an organ or tissue through an opening in its surrounding walls, especially in the abdominal region.
Show More

Origin of hernia

1350–1400; Middle English < Latin: a rupture; akin to hīra gut; see haruspex
Related formsher·ni·al, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for hernial

Historical Examples

  • Lautschner thinks that the pylorus was bent in the hernial sac so as to be obstructed.

    A System of Practical Medicine By American Authors, Vol. II


  • In one case it was found wound about the ileum; in another, spirally turned at its end and lightly adherent to a hernial sac.

  • In both instances, the stomach, colon, and omentum form the hernial protrusions.

  • Hernial protrusion of a portion of a bursa is sometimes seen after injuries of bursae.

  • Towards the centre of the body a hernial protrusion of the uterine horns and intestine had taken place.


    T. Spencer Cobbold

British Dictionary definitions for hernial


noun plural -nias or -niae (-nɪˌiː)
  1. the projection of an organ or part through the lining of the cavity in which it is normally situated, esp the protrusion of intestine through the front wall of the abdominal cavity. It is caused by muscular strain, injury, etcAlso called: rupture
Show More
Derived Formshernial, adjectiveherniated, adjective

Word Origin

C14: from Latin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for hernial


early 15c., from Medieval Latin hernialis, from hernia (see hernia).

Show More



late 14c., hirnia, from Latin hernia "a rupture," related to hira "intestine," PIE *ghere- "gut, entrail" (see yarn). The re-Latinized spelling is from 17c. Related: Herniated (1879).

Show More
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

hernial in Medicine


n. pl. her•ni•as
  1. The protrusion of an organ or other bodily structure through the wall that normally contains it.
Show More
Related formsherni•al adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

hernial in Science


  1. A condition in which an organ or body part, such as the intestine, protrudes through an opening in the body structure that normally contains it.
Show More
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

hernial in Culture



The projection of an organ or part of an organ through the wall of the structure that surrounds it. Most often, the term is applied to the protrusion of a part of the intestine that can be observed as a lump in the lower abdomen.

Show More
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.