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hock

1
[ hok ]
/ hɒk /
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noun

the joint in the hind leg of a horse, cow, etc., above the fetlock joint, corresponding anatomically to the ankle in humans.
a corresponding joint in a fowl.

verb (used with object)

to hamstring.

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Origin of hock

1
1375–1425; variant of dial. hough,Middle English ho(u)gh, apparently back formation from late Middle English hokschyn, etc., Old English hōhsinu hock (literally, heel) sinew; see heel1

Definition for hock (2 of 3)

hock2
[ hok ]
/ hɒk /

noun Chiefly British.

any white Rhine wine.

Origin of hock

2
1615–25; short for HockamoreHochheimer

Definition for hock (3 of 3)

hock3
[ hok ]
/ hɒk /

verb (used with object)

noun

the state of being deposited or held as security; pawn: She was forced to put her good jewelry in hock.
the condition of owing; debt: After the loan was paid, he was finally out of hock.

Origin of hock

3
1855–60, Americanism;<Dutch hok kennel, sty, pen, (informal) miserable place to live, prison
hocker, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021

British Dictionary definitions for hock (1 of 3)

hock1
/ (hɒk) /

noun

the joint at the tarsus of a horse or similar animal, pointing backwards and corresponding to the human ankle
the corresponding joint in domestic fowl

verb

another word for hamstring
C16: short for hockshin, from Old English hōhsinu heel sinew

British Dictionary definitions for hock (2 of 3)

hock2
/ (hɒk) /

noun

any of several white wines from the German Rhine
(not in technical usage) any dry white wine
C17: short for obsolete hockamore Hochheimer

British Dictionary definitions for hock (3 of 3)

hock3
/ (hɒk) informal, mainly US and Canadian /

verb

(tr) to pawn or pledge

noun

the state of being in pawn (esp in the phrase in hock)
in hock
  1. in prison
  2. in debt
  3. in pawn
hocker, noun
C19: from Dutch hok prison, debt
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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