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hock3

[hok]
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verb (used with object)
  1. pawn1.
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noun
  1. the state of being deposited or held as security; pawn: She was forced to put her good jewelry in hock.
  2. the condition of owing; debt: After the loan was paid, he was finally out of hock.
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Origin of hock3

1855–60, Americanism; < Dutch hok kennel, sty, pen, (informal) miserable place to live, prison
Related formshock·er, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for hocker

Historical Examples

  • Hocker was strong, and the tears were forcing themselves into my eyes in spite of me.

    They and I

    Jerome K. Jerome

  • He moved off in one direction, while Hocker and Ned took the other.

    Canoe Boys and Campfires

    William Murray Graydon

  • Hocker and Jeffries exchanged glances of mutual understanding.

    Canoe Boys and Campfires

    William Murray Graydon

  • "Moxley is trying to escape from the second floor," muttered Hocker.

    Canoe Boys and Campfires

    William Murray Graydon

  • We are pleased that Sister Carr has obtained so good a place for usefulness as the one at Hocker.

    The Story of a Life

    J. Breckenridge Ellis


British Dictionary definitions for hocker

hock1

noun
  1. the joint at the tarsus of a horse or similar animal, pointing backwards and corresponding to the human ankle
  2. the corresponding joint in domestic fowl
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verb
  1. another word for hamstring
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Word Origin

C16: short for hockshin, from Old English hōhsinu heel sinew

hock2

noun
  1. any of several white wines from the German Rhine
  2. (not in technical usage) any dry white wine
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Word Origin

C17: short for obsolete hockamore Hochheimer

hock3

verb
  1. (tr) to pawn or pledge
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noun
  1. the state of being in pawn (esp in the phrase in hock)
  2. in hock
    1. in prison
    2. in debt
    3. in pawn
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Derived Formshocker, noun

Word Origin

C19: from Dutch hok prison, debt
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for hocker

hock

n.1

"joint in the hind leg of a horse," mid-15c., earlier hockshin (late 14c.), from Old English hohsinu "sinew of the heel, Achilles' tendon," literally "heel sinew," from hoh "heel," from Proto-Germanic *hanhaz (cf. German Hachse "hock," Old English hæla "heel"), from PIE *kenk- (3) "heel, bend of the knee."

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hock

n.2

"Rhenish wine," 1620s, shortening of Hockamore, from German Hochheimer, "(wine) of Hochheim," town on the Main where wine was made; sense extended to German white wines in general.

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hock

n.3

"pawn, debt," 1859, American English, in hock, which meant both "in debt" and "in prison," from Dutch hok "jail, pen, doghouse, hutch, hovel." The verb is 1878, from the noun.

When one gambler is caught by another, smarter than himself, and is beat, then he is in hock. Men are only caught, or put in hock, on the race-tracks, or on the steamboats down South. ... Among thieves a man is in hock when he is in prison. [G.W. Matsell, "Vocabulum," 1859]
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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper