[hik-sohs, -sos]


a nomadic people who conquered and ruled ancient Egypt between the 13th and 18th dynasties, c1700–1580 b.c.: believed to have been a Semitic people that originally migrated into Egypt from Asia.

Origin of Hyksos

1595–1605; < Greek Hyksṓs, perhaps < Egyptian ḥg(ʾ) ruler + h̬ʾst foreign land
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for hyksos

Historical Examples of hyksos

  • The cowroids, with a rope border on the back, are of the Hyksos period.


    Isaac Myer

  • Moreover, statues and sphinxes of the Hyksos period are also found here.

  • It was the favorite residence of the Shepherd Kings or Hyksos.

    The New York Obelisk

    Charles E. Moldenke

  • It was the main seat of the Hyksos, who embellished it in every possible way.

    The New York Obelisk

    Charles E. Moldenke

  • The duration of the Hyksos rule is thus left in some uncertainty.

    Human Origins

    Samuel Laing

British Dictionary definitions for hyksos


noun plural -sos

a member of a nomadic Asian people, probably Semites, who controlled Egypt from 1720 bc until 1560 bc

Word Origin for Hyksos

from Greek Huksōs name of ruling dynasty in Egypt, from Egyptian hq's'sw ruler of the lands of the nomads
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for hyksos


c.1600, 15th dynasty of Egyptian kings (1650-1558 B.C.E.), called "Shepherd Kings," from Greek Hyksos, from Egyptian, either hiq shasu "ruler of nomads," or heqa khoswe "chief of foreign lands."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper