• synonyms


  1. an ancient province of the Persian empire, SE of the Caspian Sea.
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Related formsHyr·ca·ni·an, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for hyrcania

Historical Examples

  • "This that follows is 'Florismarte of Hyrcania,'" said the barber.

    Wit and Wisdom of Don Quixote

    Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra

  • There lay Hyrcania; and several Roman writers speak of the Hyrcanian tigers.

  • Hyrcania was the country south and south-east of the Caspian Sea.

    The Anabasis of Alexander

    Arrian of Nicomedia

  • Alexander came from Hyrcania and Parthia to the land of the Tapurians.

  • I will therefore call it Caspian, although it is not in Hyrcania.

    De Orbe Novo, Volume 1 (of 2)

    Trans. by Francis Augustus MacNutt

British Dictionary definitions for hyrcania


  1. an ancient district of Asia, southeast of the Caspian Sea
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Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for hyrcania


ancient region southeast of the Caspian Sea, from Greek Hyrkania, said to be from an Indo-European *verkana "country of wolves" [Zonn, I., et al., "The Caspian Sea Encyclopedia," 2010]

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper