• synonyms


  1. an ancient province of the Persian empire, SE of the Caspian Sea.
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Related formsHyr·ca·ni·an, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for hyrcanian

Historical Examples of hyrcanian

  • There lay Hyrcania; and several Roman writers speak of the Hyrcanian tigers.

    The Plant Hunters

    Mayne Reid

  • It was like an eagle in the Hyrcanian mountains, swooping down on a lamb.

  • And the rivers sink into their channels; Dragons, Hyrcanian tigers stand fast at my bidding!

    The Satyricon, Complete

    Petronius Arbiter

  • Among the peculiarities recorded of the Hyrcanian sea, Eudoxus and others relate the following.

  • The western side should therefore in strictness be called the Caspian; the eastern, the Hyrcanian.

British Dictionary definitions for hyrcanian


  1. of or relating to Hyrcania
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  1. an ancient district of Asia, southeast of the Caspian Sea
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Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for hyrcanian


ancient region southeast of the Caspian Sea, from Greek Hyrkania, said to be from an Indo-European *verkana "country of wolves" [Zonn, I., et al., "The Caspian Sea Encyclopedia," 2010]

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper