Ku Klux Klan

[ koo-kluhks-klan ]
/ ˈku ˈklʌks ˈklæn /

noun

U.S. History. a secret hate group in the southern U.S., active for several years after the Civil War, which aimed to suppress the newly acquired rights of Black people and to oppose carpetbaggers from the North, and which was responsible for many lawless and violent proceedings.
Official name Knights of the Ku Klux Klan. a secret hate group inspired by the former, founded in 1915 and currently active across the U.S., especially in the South, directed against Black people, Muslims, Jews, Catholics, foreign-born individuals, and other groups.
Also called Ku Klux; KKK [key-key-key] /ˈkeɪˈkeɪˈkeɪ/ .

Origin of Ku Klux Klan

First recorded in 1865–70; Ku Klux (perhaps from Greek kýklos “circle, assembly”) + Klan, spelling variant of clan

Words nearby Ku Klux Klan

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020

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British Dictionary definitions for Ku Klux Klan

Ku Klux Klan
/ (ˈkuː ˈklʌks ˈklæn) /

noun

a secret organization of White Southerners formed after the US Civil War to fight Black emancipation and Northern domination
a secret organization of White Protestant Americans, mainly in the South, who use violence against Black people, Jewish people, and other minority groups

Derived forms of Ku Klux Klan

Ku Kluxer or Ku Klux Klanner, nounKu Kluxism, noun

Word Origin for Ku Klux Klan

C19 Ku Klux, probably based on Greek kuklos circle + Klan clan
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Cultural definitions for Ku Klux Klan

Ku Klux Klan

A secret society dedicated to the supremacy of white people in the United States. It began in the South during the time of Reconstruction and attempted to terrorize the many southern blacks and carpetbaggers who had replaced white southerners in positions of power. The Klan gained renewed strength in the 1920s and again in the 1960s but is now very diminished. It has stated that it aims to preserve “pure Americanism.” It has attacked Jews (see also Jews) and Roman Catholics, along with immigrants and communists but is still primarily opposed to equal rights for black people and has often engaged in violence against them. Klansmen wear white hoods and robes. Klan leaders have titles such as Grand Dragon, Grand Cyclops, and Imperial Wizard.

notes for Ku Klux Klan

A favored tactic of Klansmen is to burn a wooden cross outside the house of someone whom they wish to intimidate. Typically, they want the occupant to move out of the vicinity. The burning cross is a threat of future assaults if the victim does not do what the Klan wants.
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.