Mameluke

[ mam-uh-look ]
/ ˈmæm əˌluk /
|

noun

a member of a military class, originally composed of slaves, that seized control of the Egyptian sultanate in 1250, ruled until 1517, and remained powerful until massacred or dispersed by Mehemet Ali in 1811.
(lowercase) (in Muslim countries) a slave.

Origin of Mameluke

1505–15; < Arabic mamlūk literally, slave, noun use of past participle of malaka to possess
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

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British Dictionary definitions for mameluke

Mameluke

Mamaluke Mamluk (ˈmæmluːk)

/ (ˈmæməˌluːk) /

noun

a member of a military class, originally of Turkish slaves, ruling in Egypt from about 1250 to 1517 and remaining powerful until crushed in 1811
(in Muslim countries) a slave

Word Origin for Mameluke

C16: via French, ultimately from Arabic mamlūk slave, from malaka to possess
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012