Words nearby Marxism
What does Marxism mean?
Marxism is the collective term for the economic, social, and political philosophy of Karl Marx. In particular, the philosophy states that capitalism is a self-destructive system that eventually leads to a revolution of the working class so that they can establish a classless society.
Karl Marx was a German radical socialist thinker who lived from 1818 until 1883. He worked with his friend, Friedrich Engels, to develop his ideas, which are very complex. Because of this and the various political ideologies Marxism inspired, Marxism is an extremely controversial topic today.
Marx was extremely critical of capitalism, seeing it as an oppressive, flawed system that would inevitably collapse. According to Marxism, capitalism is a system in which an elite, wealthy upper class, known as the bourgeoisie, exploits the labor of the working class, known as the proletariat.
Marx argued that because the wealthy desired only to make money, it was inevitable that they would try to get workers to work as hard as possible for as little money as possible. The inevitable result of this, according to Marx, was that the workers would grow to hate the wealthy and would unite to revolt against their oppressors.
Marxism states that the workers’ (often violent) revolution would destroy the upper class and establish a socialist or communist society, in which there would be no more economic classes dividing people.
Marxism is based on the theories of socialism, and Marx himself was a radical socialist. Marxism is also very closely related to the political ideology of communism. Many communist thinkers and leaders such as Vladimir Lenin, Josef Stalin, and Mao Zedong were inspired by Marx’s ideas and based their own political ideas off his work.
Why is Marxism important?
The first records of Marxism come from around 1895. The term combines Karl Marx’s last name and the suffix -ism which indicates an ideology or philosophy. Marxism is a collective name for Marx’s ideas and his work.
Marxism has had a tremendous effect on the world. The current variations of communist political parties that exist today can all be traced back to Marx’s ideas. In particular, Marx’s 1845 book The Communist Manifesto was his most widely read work and shaped the thinking of some highly influential historical figures.
Today, you will find incredibly heated debates about Marxism. Modern communists and Marxists will agree with Marx’s ideas and argue that political leaders throughout history have distorted Marxism or have created their own version of it that aligns with their political viewpoints. Opponents of Marxism, especially capitalists, will argue that Marxism has led to the deaths of millions of people thanks to ruthless Communist dictators that based their political philosophy on Marxism.
Did you know ... ?
What are real-life examples of Marxism?
Here is an illustration of Karl Marx, the creator of Marxism.
Marxism is an extremely controversial topic.
Stalin was not a deviation from Marxism, but rather its ugly fulfillment.
— Bo Winegard (@EPoe187) December 17, 2018
To make the claim that Marxism is essentially European, you have to ignore millions of colonised people who found in his work the tools to understand their condition.
The black Marxist tradition treats Marxism is a methodology, not a fixed set of conclusions about the world. https://t.co/goKET1oFtd
— Black as in Revolution. (@annie_etc_) March 23, 2021
What other words are related to Marxism?
True or False?
According to Marxism, capitalism is a flawed system that will inevitably fall.
How to use Marxism in a sentence
Then he laughed and made a “who knows” face as he nodded toward one of the men discussing how to bring Marxism to power in Iraq.An Iraqi Group Helping Women and Gays Is Receiving Death Threats|Jacob Siegel|July 22, 2014|DAILY BEAST
What do we care for Marxism or monarchism, the resurrection of Holy Russia or the Idea of the Common Fate?This 1979 Novel Predicted Putin’s Invasion Of Crimea|Michael Weiss|May 18, 2014|DAILY BEAST
The irony is that a little of this so-called Marxism is exactly what could have saved capitalism (and not for the first time).Federal Open Markets Committee Was Clueless to Financial Crisis|Michael Tomasky|February 24, 2014|DAILY BEAST
Ortega shows little interest in fascism or capitalism or Marxism, and this troubled me when I first read the book.The Smartest Book About Our Digital Age Was Published in 1929|Ted Gioia|January 5, 2014|DAILY BEAST
What in their history do they find inconsistent with totalitarianism, or at best statism, or at worst Marxism?America’s Cassandra: David Mamet Speaks on the Lies of Obama and War|Lloyd Grove|November 11, 2013|DAILY BEAST
Knowledge is the saviour-god and Marxism is his divine gospel of freedom from these capitalistic sufferings.Communism and Christianism|William Montgomery Brown
It is the same materialistic conception which has triumphed in German Marxism and in the economic interpretation of history.German Problems and Personalities|Charles Sarolea
In this respect the critics of Marxism form two very distinct groups.Karl Marx|Achille Loria
Its best-known forms are the historical school in the science of law, and Marxism.Anarchism|Paul Eltzbacher
This shortcoming of Marxism is cured by Dietzgen, who made the nature of the mind the special object of his investigations.The Positive Outcome of Philosophy|Joseph Dietzgen
British Dictionary definitions for Marxism
Cultural definitions for Marxism (1 of 2)
The doctrines of Karl Marx (see also Marx) and his associate Friedrich Engels on economics, politics, and society. They include the notion of economic determinism — that political and social structures are determined by the economic conditions of people. Marxism calls for a classless society (see class), where all means of production are commonly owned, a system to be reached as an inevitable result of the struggle between capitalists and workers. (See communism.)
Cultural definitions for Marxism (2 of 2)
The doctrines of Karl Marx (see also Marx) and his associate Friedrich Engels on economics, politics, and society. They include the notion of economic determinism — that political and social structures are determined by the economic conditions of people. Marxism calls for a classless society in which all means of production are commonly owned (communism), a system to be reached as an inevitable result of the struggle between the leaders of capitalism and the workers.