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Marxism

[mahrk-siz-uh m]
noun
  1. the system of economic and political thought developed by Karl Marx, along with Friedrich Engels, especially the doctrine that the state throughout history has been a device for the exploitation of the masses by a dominant class, that class struggle has been the main agency of historical change, and that the capitalist system, containing from the first the seeds of its own decay, will inevitably, after the period of the dictatorship of the proletariat, be superseded by a socialist order and a classless society.
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Origin of Marxism

First recorded in 1895–1900; Marx + -ism
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words

communismtotalitarianismsocialismcollectivismMaoismLeninismBolshevismFabianismMarxism

Examples from the Web for marxism

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples

  • This article on "Marxism and Ethics" is, in a sense, just such a picture.

  • The proponents of Marxism were welcomed into China as trusted friends.

    Government in Republican China

    Paul Myron Anthony Linebarger

  • In this respect the critics of Marxism form two very distinct groups.

    Karl Marx

    Achille Loria

  • Is it necessary to point out that this "Marxism" is a little too sui generis?

    Anarchism and Socialism

    George Plechanoff

  • Its best-known forms are the historical school in the science of law, and Marxism.

    Anarchism

    Paul Eltzbacher


British Dictionary definitions for marxism

Marxism

noun
  1. the economic and political theory and practice originated by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels that holds that actions and human institutions are economically determined, that the class struggle is the basic agency of historical change, and that capitalism will ultimately be superseded by communism
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Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for marxism

Marxism

n.

1885, probably immediately from French marxisme; see Marxist + -ism. From 1884 as Karl Marxism.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

marxism in Culture

Marxism

The doctrines of Karl Marx (see also Marx) and his associate Friedrich Engels on economics, politics, and society. They include the notion of economic determinism — that political and social structures are determined by the economic conditions of people. Marxism calls for a classless society (see class), where all means of production are commonly owned, a system to be reached as an inevitable result of the struggle between capitalists and workers. (See communism.)

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Marxism

The doctrines of Karl Marx (see also Marx) and his associate Friedrich Engels on economics, politics, and society. They include the notion of economic determinism — that political and social structures are determined by the economic conditions of people. Marxism calls for a classless society in which all means of production are commonly owned (communism), a system to be reached as an inevitable result of the struggle between the leaders of capitalism and the workers.

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The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.