mercerize

[mur-suh-rahyz]
verb (used with object), mer·cer·ized, mer·cer·iz·ing.
  1. to treat (cotton yarns or fabric) with caustic alkali under tension, in order to increase strength, luster, and affinity for dye.
Also especially British, mer·cer·ise.

Origin of mercerize

1855–60; named after John Mercer (1791–1866), English calico printer, the patentee (1850) of the process; see -ize
Related formsmer·cer·i·za·tion, nounmer·cer·iz·er, nounun·mer·cer·ized, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

British Dictionary definitions for mercerize

mercerize

mercerise

verb
  1. (tr) to treat (cotton yarn) with an alkali to increase its strength and reception to dye and impart a lustrous silky appearance
Derived Formsmercerization or mercerisation, noun

Word Origin for mercerize

C19: named after John Mercer (1791–1866), English maker of textiles
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012