minus

[mahy-nuh s]

preposition

less by the subtraction of; decreased by: Ten minus six is four.
lacking or without: a book minus its title page.

adjective

noun


Origin of minus

1300–50; Middle English < Latin, neuter of minor less; see minor
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019


Examples from the Web for minuses

Contemporary Examples of minuses

Historical Examples of minuses


British Dictionary definitions for minuses

minus

preposition

reduced by the subtraction offour minus two (written 4 – 2)
informal deprived of; lackingminus the trimmings, that hat would be ordinary

adjective

  1. indicating or involving subtractiona minus sign
  2. Also: negativehaving a value or designating a quantity less than zeroa minus number
on the negative part of a scale or coordinate axisa value of minus 40°C
involving a disadvantage, harm, etca minus factor
(postpositive) education slightly below the standard of a particular gradehe received a B minus for his essay
botany designating the strain of a fungus that can only undergo sexual reproduction with a plus strain
denoting a negative electric charge

noun

short for minus sign
a negative quantity
a disadvantage, loss, or deficit
informal something detrimental or negative
Mathematical symbol:

Word Origin for minus

C15: from Latin, neuter of minor
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for minuses

minus

prep.

late 15c., "with subtraction of," from Latin minus "less," neuter of minor "smaller," from PIE *mi-nu-, suffixed form of root *mei- "small" (cf. Latin minuere "to diminish, reduce, lessen," Greek meion "less, smaller," Old English minsian "to diminish," Sanskrit miyate "diminishes, declines," Russian men'she "less").

Mathematical use in expressions of calculation did not exist in the word in classical Latin and is probably from North Sea medieval commercial usage of Latin plus and minus to indicate surplus or deficiency of weight or measure. Origin of the "minus sign" is disputed.

minus

n.

1650s, from minus (prep.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper