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Welsh

[welsh, welch]
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adjective
  1. of or relating to Wales, its people, or their language.
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noun
  1. the inhabitants of Wales and their descendants elsewhere.
  2. Also called Cymric, Kymric. the Celtic language of Wales.
  3. one of a white, lop-eared breed of swine of Welsh origin that produces a large amount of lean meat.
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Also Welch.

Origin of Welsh

before 900; Middle English Welische, Old English Welisc, derivative of Walh Briton, foreigner (compare Latin Volcae a Gallic tribe); cognate with German welsch foreign, Italian
Related formsnon-Welsh, adjective, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

British Dictionary definitions for more-welsh

welsh

welch

verb (intr often foll by on) slang
  1. to fail to pay a gambling debt
  2. to fail to fulfil an obligation
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Derived Formswelsher or welcher, noun

Word Origin

C19: of unknown origin

Welsh1

adjective
  1. of, relating to, or characteristic of Wales, its people, their Celtic language, or their dialect of English
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noun
  1. a language of Wales, belonging to the S Celtic branch of the Indo-European family. Welsh shows considerable diversity between dialects
  2. the Welsh (functioning as plural) the natives or inhabitants of Wales collectively
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Also (rare): Welch

Word Origin

Old English Wēlisc, Wǣlisc; related to wealh foreigner, Old High German walahisc (German welsch), Old Norse valskr, Latin Volcae

Welsh2

noun
  1. a white long-bodied lop-eared breed of pig, kept chiefly for bacon
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Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for more-welsh

Welsh

Old English Wilisc, Wylisc (West Saxon), Welisc, Wælisc (Anglian and Kentish), from Wealh, Walh "Celt, Briton, Welshman, non-Germanic foreigner;" in Tolkien's definition, "common Gmc. name for a man of what we should call Celtic speech," but also applied to speakers of Latin, hence Old High German Walh, Walah "Celt, Roman, Gaulish," and Old Norse Valir "Gauls, Frenchmen" (Danish vælsk "Italian, French, southern"); from Proto-Germanic *Walkhiskaz, from a Celtic name represented by Latin Volcæ (Caesar) "ancient Celtic tribe in southern Gaul." The word survives in Wales, Cornwall, Walloon, walnut, and in surnames Walsh and Wallace. Borrowed in Old Church Slavonic as vlachu, and applied to the Rumanians, hence Wallachia.

Among the English, Welsh was used disparagingly of inferior or substitute things, hence Welsh rabbit (1725), also perverted by folk-etymology as Welsh rarebit (1785).

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper