- Cell Biology. a specialized, impulse-conducting cell that is the functional unit of the nervous system, consisting of the cell body and its processes, the axon and dendrites.
Origin of neuron
Examples from the Web for neurons
Contemporary Examples of neurons
Neurons begin to die within four to six minutes of oxygen deprivation.What It’s Like to Wake Up Dead
Dr. Anand Veeravagu, MD, Tej Azad
November 21, 2014
NSCs give rise to the different types of cells in the brain, of which neurons are the best known.Fish Oil, Turmeric, and Ginseng, Oh My! Are ‘Brain Foods’ B.S.?
Dr. Anand Veeravagu, MD
October 10, 2014
Boahen noted that neurons in the brain take in input from many other neurons.The Computer That Replicates a Human Brain
May 1, 2014
The elements, right down to the neurons themselves, have their own agendas, their own needs.Can Robots Fall in Love, and Why Would They?
December 31, 2013
That three-pound lump of gray matter contains 100 billion neurons and 100 trillion synapses, or connections.How Computers Just Got More Human
September 21, 2011
Historical Examples of neurons
This over excitation of neurons may come from without, or may come from within.
It has been said that the movement of neurons has been observed in certain of the Medusae.
There is usually a group of neurons in the path from the surface to the brain cortex.
Potts almost felt the currents surging through the neurons of his brain and sensed a throbbing on the inside of his skull.A Thought For Tomorrow
Robert E. Gilbert
Let us next examine the structure of the nerve cells or neurons part of which serve as pathways for these messages.A Civic Biology
George William Hunter
Word Origin and History for neurons
"a nerve cell with appendages," 1891, from German Neuron, from Greek neuron (see neuro-). Used earlier (1884) for "the spinal cord and brain."
- Any of the impulse-conducting cells that constitute the brain, spinal column, and nerves, consisting of a nucleated cell body with one or more dendrites and a single axon.nerve cell neurocyte
- A cell of the nervous system. Neurons typically consist of a cell body, which contains a nucleus and receives incoming nerve impulses, and an axon, which carries impulses away from the cell body. Also called nerve cell