Ninth Symphony

One of the great achievements of European music, it was Ludwig van Beethoven's last symphony; known also as the “Choral” Symphony. Its finale is a musical setting of Friedrich von Schiller's “Ode to Joy,” a hymn to the unity and freedom of humanity.

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.